Lawsuit: Mercedes-Benz Stadium should be paying property taxes

Work continued on Mercedes-Benz Stadium adhering Super Bowl graphics across the facade reflected in puddled water along Martin Luther King Jr. Drive in downtown Atlanta. A group of residents claims the stadium should be paying property taxes. JOHN SPINK/JSPINK@AJC.COM

Work continued on Mercedes-Benz Stadium adhering Super Bowl graphics across the facade reflected in puddled water along Martin Luther King Jr. Drive in downtown Atlanta. A group of residents claims the stadium should be paying property taxes. JOHN SPINK/JSPINK@AJC.COM

Weeks before the Super Bowl comes to Mercedes-Benz Stadium, with boosters estimating a $400 million boon to Atlanta's economy, a group of local residents is fighting for the stadium itself to contribute to the pot.

For a year and a half, some residents have argued that the stadium — which has been exempted from property taxes since it was built — should be paying into city, school and county tax funds. A lawsuit the group filed in 2017 estimates its tax bill at $26 million a year under June 2018 tax rates.

If the suit filed against the Fulton County Board of Assessors were to succeed, it could have implications for other stadiums around the country that also are exempted from property taxes.

Over the life of a 30-year agreement the Falcons have to use the stadium, it might generate more than $700 million in property taxes, according to estimates by attorney Wayne Kendall, who is representing the residents who filed the suit. His estimate is based on the $1.5-billion stadium paying current property tax rates for Fulton County, Atlanta and the Atlanta Public Schools across three decades.

“I just believe the public is getting screwed on the deal,” Kendall said. “The Falcons aren’t paying the $26 million they should be paying, and everyone else will have to make up the difference.”

Fulton County property values have skyrocketed in recent years, and residents have complained about too-high tax bills. The county worked to reduce the tax burden by freezing values in 2017, a move they're still fighting for in court. Residents also passed a number of referenda last year that are designed to limit some tax increases.

The case was dismissed by Fulton County Superior Court, but Kendall appealed and the lawsuit was kept alive by the state appeals court last month. The suit, now back before Fulton County Superior Court, argues that the Fulton County Board of Assessors erred when it decided the stadium was tax exempt.

Mercedes-Benz Stadium was funded through a combination of loans to the Falcons, money from the NFL, sales of permanent seat licenses and $200 million in bonds backed by Atlanta hotel-motel taxes. But it's owned by the Georgia World Congress Center Authority, a state agency that also owns the largest convention center in Georgia.

The Falcons have an agreement with the authority to operate the stadium for 30 years. Kendall, in the suit, said that’s the issue: When the Falcons played at the Georgia Dome, the Dome was exempt from paying property taxes because it was owned by the state.

At the Dome, the Falcons had an agreement to use the facility for 20 days each year. The rest of the time, the GWCCA managed the building and received all the revenue from concessions, merchandise and private suite sales. The Falcons only got revenue from ticket sales at their home games, the suit said.

01/16/2019 — Atlanta, Georgia —Workers continue to wrap parts of Mercedes-Benz Stadium with Super Bowl LIII advertisement material in Atlanta, Wednesday, January 16, 2019. (ALYSSA POINTER/ALYSSA.POINTER@AJC.COM)

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But at Mercedes-Benz, the agreement is different: The Falcons manage the stadium year-round, and receive the revenue from all events held in the building, not only ticket revenue. Kendall argues that under the new agreement,the Falcons are a long-term leaseholder, and long-term leases are taxable under state law.

Victor Matheson, a sports economist at College of the Holy Cross, said while there are some stadiums that pay property taxes, the vast majority do not.

There are questions about whether that’s right, he said — after all, “there’s no fundamental reason why a football stadium shouldn’t pay property taxes.” But he said the case is a long shot. If it succeeds, he said, it could have ripples for stadiums across the country, as many agreements are set up in a similar fashion.

“I wish them luck, but it’s probably unlikely,” he said. “If this domino were to fall … that would be a real game changer nationwide.”

Still, he said, team owners are likely to seek other subsidies from local governments if a property tax exemption disappears.

Both Fulton County and the Falcons declined to comment on the suit. But in their court filings, attorneys for the county Board of Assessors said the Falcons hadn’t been granted a long-term lease, but had instead been given a license to use the stadium property. Those cannot be taxed, under state law.

In other news:

Kendall said in filings that the final agreement on the stadium lease was never reviewed by the Board of Assessors as required by law. He also said the Georgia World Congress Center Authority’s tax exempt status was never approved in a statewide referendum and was therefore unconstitutional.

While an earlier judge dismissed the constitutionality claim among others, appeals court judges said that is one aspect that should be reconsidered.

Kendall said he didn’t understand why Fulton County — which would benefit from more tax dollars — was arguing the case.

“I don’t know why they’re fighting it,” he said. “It’s in their best interest to collect the taxes. Somehow, the roles have gotten perverted here.”

Andrew Zimbalist, an economics professor at Smith College, said the San Francisco Giants are among the teams that pay property taxes at the stadium. In Massachusetts, he said, state law doesn’t allow teams to “simply disguise what in practice is true ownership” of a stadium.

Sports economist Matheson said the exemptions amount to a “pretty big handout” to stadiums.

“My gut reaction is it’s clever,” he said. “More power to them.”

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