Defense: Jury should know Arbery was on probation when he died

Ahmaud Arbery. (Family photo)
Caption
Ahmaud Arbery. (Family photo)

Defense attorneys for two men charged with killing Ahmaud Arbery are asking a judge to let jurors know Arbery was on probation when he was fatally shot on Feb. 23, 2020.

Such evidence may help explain why Arbery ran away from Greg and Travis McMichael when they saw the 25-year-old, unarmed Black man run through their neighborhood in Satilla Shores, said the motion, filed by the McMichaels’ attorneys just days before the upcoming murder trial.

It will also counter the prosecution’s narrative that the McMichaels, who are white, “only chased after (Arbery) because they were violent racists who did not want a Black man jogging in their mostly white neighborhood,” the motion states.

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The three men facing murder charges for the Feb. 23, 2020, killing of Ahmaud Arbery: (from left) Travis McMichael, his father Greg McMichael and William "Roddie" Bryan, a neighbor.

The three men facing murder charges for the Feb. 23, 2020, killing of Ahmaud Arbery: (from left) Travis McMichael, his father Greg McMichael and William "Roddie" Bryan, a neighbor.
Caption
The three men facing murder charges for the Feb. 23, 2020, killing of Ahmaud Arbery: (from left) Travis McMichael, his father Greg McMichael and William "Roddie" Bryan, a neighbor.

The incident occurred on a Sunday afternoon just outside of Brunswick. Upon seeing Arbery — who had just left an unoccupied house under construction nearby — run down his street, Greg McMichael called for his son.

The two men got their guns, jumped into Travis McMichael’s pickup truck and began pursuing Arbery. When Bryan saw them pass by, he got in his pickup and joined the chase. Bryan also took the infamous cellphone video that shows Arbery, when hemmed in by both pickups, charge at Travis McMichael, who fired three fatal shotgun blasts.

ExploreAhmaud Arbery shooting case - full coverage from the AJC

In a recently filed court motion, state prosecutors asked Superior Court Judge Timothy Walmsley to prevent the defense from introducing evidence that Arbery was on probation.

Arbery had previously pleaded guilty to two separate incidents and received sentences of probation for each one: carrying a handgun onto school property and obstruction in 2013, and attempting to shoplift a television from a Walmart in 2017.

That Arbery was on probation “is not relevant, as the defendants did not know Mr. Arbery was on probation,” lead prosecutor Linda Dunikoski wrote. It is also irrelevant to the defense’s claim that the McMichaels were justifiably conducting a citizen’s arrest of Arbery, she added.

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Linda Dunikoski, the lead prosecutor in the Ahmaud Arbery murder case. (KENT D. JOHNSON / AJC file photo)

Linda Dunikoski, the lead prosecutor in the Ahmaud Arbery murder case. (KENT D. JOHNSON / AJC file photo)
Caption
Linda Dunikoski, the lead prosecutor in the Ahmaud Arbery murder case. (KENT D. JOHNSON / AJC file photo)

Dunikoski also noted Walmsley previously ruled out evidence of Arbery’s past run-ins with the law because that would only lead to speculation as to why Arbery acted the way he did. The same holds true for Arbery’s probationary status, she said.

In their response, the McMichaels’ lawyers said “it is essential to due process and the pursuit of truth that the defense not be prohibited from presenting all the facts that defeat that narrative of ‘guilty racist killers.’”

While someone not on probation may not have been concerned about answering questions about possible break-ins, someone on active probation “would be incredibly fearful of the ramifications of police interaction” after unlawfully entering a home under construction, the defense said.

The defense attorneys have contended the McMichaels and Bryan wanted to detain Arbery by making a citizen’s arrest and waiting for police to arrive. They also say Travis McMichael was acting in self-defense when he shot and killed Arbery.

ExploreListen to "Breakdown" Season 8: The Ahmaud Arbery case

The defense attorneys said they need to rebut the prosecution’s contention that the physically exhausted Arbery made a “last-ditch effort to save himself from being shot in the back by Travis McMichael by bravely charging him in an attempt to remove the shotgun from his hands and thereby save his life.”

That is why evidence of Arbery being on probation is necessary, their motion states. “It provides background and puts the events of that day in context, relative to the theory of the defense.”

Numerous court motions have been filed in the weeks leading up to the trial, and Walmsley has issued some important rulings.

ExploreRead documents from the Ahmaud Arbery case

This week, the judge denied a defense motion filed by the McMichaels’ lawyers to prevent the prosecution from letting the jury hear recorded phone calls the McMichaels made from the jail.

In one call, Greg McMichael says of the situation he’s in, “You’ve heard the saying that no good deed goes unpunished?”

In a separate ruling, Walmsley also imposed a limited gag order on prosecutors and defense attorneys, ordering them not to comment on: evidence already ruled inadmissible, evidence ruled inadmissible at trial, and evidence lawyers should reasonably know will be ruled inadmissible at trial.

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