Cathal Doyle, the director at Central Night Shelter in Atlanta, said the organization decided to close Friday “because of the risk to our volunteers.” The shelter regularly serves 120 homeless men and is usually open Nov. 1 through March 31.
The homeless population is especially at risk for coronavirus symptoms because many do not receive regular medical care and have pre-existing medical conditions. People within shelters usually sleep near one another, and those sleeping outside generally do not have access to good sanitation, said Dr. Mark Swancutt, a staff physician in the respiratory clinic of the Fulton County Board of Health.
“They suffer from a number of disadvantages compared to the non-homeless population,” he said.
Earlier this week, Swancutt gave a presentation to about 40 representatives from shelters in metro Atlanta about how they should prepare for the coronavirus outbreak. According to the Atlanta Continuum of Care, there were about 3,200 homeless people living in the city of Atlanta alone in 2019.
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While Doyle's shelter did not have any confirmed cases of the virus, he said 90% of the men who stay there fit the demographic forbeing at high risk for COVID-19. If one client were to test positive for the virus, Doyle said it would spread through the shelter quickly since the sleeping quarters are housed in an open area.
Doyle said Central Night Shelter staff first began monitoring the coronavirus outbreak when it began in China. It also relied on the advice of doctors and others in the medical profession who help the shelter with outreach efforts.
The majority of metro Atlanta shelters are staying open, but taking special precautions.
At MUST Ministries in Cobb County, people coming to its 72-bed Elizabeth Inn shelter will be screened for medical problems, including the flu and possible coronavirus. MUST is also deep-cleaning its bed areas. President and CEO Ike Reighard who said no clients have tested positive for the virus, and that the organization has been in contact daily with the Cobb & Douglas Public Health Department.
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MUST staff members also have restricted access to its Marietta campus on Cobb Parkway. People who come to the facility to obtain clothing and food will be directed to a mobile site at the charity’s gates rather that being allowed inside. There, they will be able to grab food twice a day and pick up any clothing they may need.
If a person suddenly becomes ill, MUST will quarantine that person, Reighard said. Staff will then reach out to the health department to determine how to proceed.
Decatur Cooperative Ministry operates a 30-bed night shelter for families facing homelessness. Executive Director Marlene White said staff has altered its bed layout “to reduce cough hazards, so people aren’t sleeping head to head to head.” The shelter, which was at capacity last night, also lowered the number of daily volunteers and is conducting wellness checks.
“With the schools closing, we have children who are out of school. With (businesses) closing, we have families that are losing income and vital resources,” White said. “It’s important to be conscious of the fact that homelessness is not stopping in the midst of the pandemic.”
CDC recommends preventive actions to help prevent the spread of respiratory diseases:
• Avoid close contact with people who are sick.
• Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth.
• Stay home when you are sick.
• Cover your cough or sneeze with a tissue, then throw the tissue in the trash.
• Clean and disinfect frequently touched objects and surfaces using a regular household cleaning spray or wipe.
• CDC does not recommend that people who are well wear a facemask to protect themselves from respiratory diseases, including COVID-19. Facemasks should be used by people who show symptoms of COVID-19 to help prevent the spread of the disease to others. The use of facemasks is also crucial for health workers and people who are taking care of someone in close settings (at home or in a health care facility).
• Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds, especially after going to the bathroom; before eating; and after blowing your nose, coughing, or sneezing. If soap and water are not readily available, use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer with at least 60% alcohol. Always wash hands with soap and water if hands are visibly dirty.
• If you are concerned you might have the coronavirus, call your healthcare provider before going to a hospital or clinic. In mild cases, your doctor might give you advice on how to treat symptoms at home without seeing you in person, which would reduce the number of people you expose. But in more severe cases an urgent care center or hospital would benefit from advance warning because they can prepare for your arrival. For example, they may want you to enter a special entrance, so you don’t expose others.