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6-year graduation rates at many HBCUs lower than 20 percent

In analyzing federal data for an in-depth examination of the nation’s historically black colleges and universities, the AJC found that the six-year graduation rates at 20 schools were 20 percent or lower in 2015.

This means that four of five beginning freshmen at those schools didn’t earn a degree within six years.  

Coming Thursday: The AJC publishes  HBCUs: A Threatened Heritage. The special three-part series will examine the problems many of the schools face, the unique role they play in students’ lives, and the perils that lie ahead. 

A handful of HBCUs are graduating more than 50 percent of new freshmen within six years. Spelman College in Atlanta, for example, led all HBCUs, with a rate of 76 percent. Others, however, are struggling.  Here’s a sampling:

School and 6-year graduation rate 2010 2015
Arkansas Baptist College 2% 5%
Virginia University of Lynchburg 5% 5%
Harris-Stowe State University 13% 7%
Concordia College Alabama 4% 10%
Southwestern Christian College 10% 10%
Texas College 6% 13%
Paul Quinn College 9% 13%
Le Moyne-Owen College 17% 13%
Southern University New Orleans 4% 14%
Other selected colleges, for comparison 2010 2015
University of Georgia 80% 85%
Georgia State University 48% 58%
Spelman College 70% 76%
Morehouse College 57% 51%
Clark Atlanta University 43% 38%
U.S. average, all colleges 48% 59%

“Yes, there are some HBCUs that have low graduation rates,” said Marybeth Gasman, an education professor at the University of Pennsylvania who directs the Penn Center for Minority Serving Institutions, in an email to the AJC.  “And some that are in the single digits. . . . This is problematic and a school must do better by having summer bridge programs, peer-to-peer mentoring, student success centers — all focused on increasing retention and graduation rates.” 

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Gasman pointed out that some schools with low graduation rates in 2015 already have begun to turn things around.

She also wrote of the connection between grad rates and family income:

“Graduation rates directly correlate with the income of the student body. More low income students — typically, lower graduation rates. Why? Because low-income students don’t have access to the same college prep opportunities and because they don’t have the financial safety nets of middle and upper income students. Please note that institutions that have very few Pell Grant-eligible students typically have very, very high graduation rates.”

Pell Grants are awarded to low-income undergraduate students.

Correction

An earlier version of this article listed the wrong six-year graduation rate for Claflin University of South Carolina in 2015. The correct rate was 42 percent, which is higher than average for HBCUs. The incorrect information was contained in a dataset from the U.S. Department of Education.

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