The scientists divided participants into two groups. One group did aerobic training, while the other engaged in stretching and toning control activities.
At the end of the trial, both groups had similar levels of cognitive ability, particularly in terms of memory and problem solving. But more research is needed.
"I'm excited about the results, but only to a certain degree," Zhang told Medical News Today. "This is a proof-of-concept study, and we can't yet draw definitive conclusions."