The jury’s still out on whether Shostakovich’s symphony, which premiered in 1942, should be known as a groundswell of Russian nationalism and propaganda written at the height of the World War II, a general commentary on the evils of fascism (here’s looking at you, Stalin), or simply, as American critic Virgil Thompson put it upon first hearing the work, music “written for the slow-witted, the not very musical and the distracted.” One thing is for sure: The anti-war message at the heart of this martial, substantive symphony certainly isn’t subtle.
Shostakovich’s symphony can get very loud, and here ASO music director Robert Spano controlled the orchestra, making all those screaming instrumental voices sound pleasant and in balance. The earth-shattering passages are set up brilliantly by the incredible warmth and near-stillness of certain passages. The ASO is as good soft as it is loud, and Spano knows how to make the orchestra respond instantaneously to his simplest or his most exaggerated gestures. While the 69-minute symphony can seem overlong, and the writing a bit sluggish in parts, Spano and company maintained direction throughout and kept a quick pace, refusing to get bogged down in the composition.
For as much force is generated by the inflated brass section, much of the "Leningrad" symphony really is a showcase for ASO's woodwinds. When, in the first movement, the woodwind brigade emerges to playfully contrast the stoic opening string melody, the section really never leaves the limelight. Oboist Elizabeth Koch Tiscione and English horn player Emily Brebach both excelled in solo passages, as did bass clarinetist Alcides Rodriguez and bassoonist Andrew Brady.
Of course, these woodwinds can only really be heard in the soft sections — except for the aggressively insistent E-Flat clarinet, played with buoyant joy by Ted Gurch, that bounds over the orchestral fray, leading the way with its thrillingly, pinch-toned timbre that is both toylike and filled with authority.
Thursday's program began with the cello-driven "Three Meditations From 'Mass'" by Leonard Bernstein, a concert-hall reworking of music from the composer's long-form, quasi-sacred work. The ASO performed another Bernstein re-composition — "Symphonic Dances From 'West Side Story'" — last week. Performed with guest cellist Johannes Moser, the meditations are at times spirited and avant-garde, and Moser amiably played through these spindly and disjointed bits of music. Moser was most effective in the more introspective passages, where his glassy, sparkling high register and warmly sonorous low end were a joy to hear.
Atlanta Symphony Orchestra
8 p.m. Jan. 17 Additional performance at 8 p.m. Jan. 19. $28-$98. Symphony Hall, 1280 Peachtree St. NE, Atlanta. 404-733-5000, atlantasymphony.org.
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