With a statewide shelter-at-home order in force through the end of April, the coronavirus outbreak continues not only to sicken thousands, but also to disrupt Georgia’s economy and political system.
Thursday brought news that almost 400,000 Georgians applied for unemployment benefits last week, more than in all of 2019. Also Thursday, state officials again postponed primary elections. Voting that was originally scheduled for March 24 and then for May 19 now is supposed to take place on June 9.
Newly confirmed deaths rose at a slightly slower pace the past two days, following alarming spikes early in the week. But the figures provided by the state Department of Public Health don’t immediately reflect reports the agency receives from coroners, hospitals and other officials around the state.
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“It takes time to verify data,” said Dr. Kathleen Toomey, the state public health commissioner. “Our data are not real time.”
The agency has been slow to release demographic data about people diagnosed with the virus or those who died.
On Thursday, it said it did not know the race of more than half of those with confirmed cases or nearly one-fourth of those who have died. However, the agency said that among those whose race could be determined, 56 percent were African American.
Dr. Kathleen Toomey, Georgia’s public health commissioner, watches Gov. Brian Kemp during a news conference Wednesday at the state Capitol about sheltering in place during the coronavirus pandemic. (Ben@BenGray.com for The Atlanta Journal-Constitution)
State officials also have released few details about their projections for the outbreak’s trajectory. Aides to Gov. Brian Kemp said he has relied on scientific models from several sources, including the U.S. Department of Defense, the University of Georgia and one widely cited analysis by the University of Washington’s Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation. That model now forecasts 2,630 coronavirus-related deaths in Georgia by early June. It had predicted more than 3,200 deaths before statewide social-distancing measures took effect.
Regardless, the establishment of the mobile morgues suggests officials are bracing for the worst.
They are the kind of units normally set up after natural disasters that cause significant loss of life: hurricanes, tornadoes, floods. But the Georgia Emergency Management Agency said Thursday it has placed the units at seemingly placid locations: Grady Memorial and Emory Midtown hospitals in Atlanta, as well as in Douglas County, Athens and at Augusta University Medical Center. Another unit will provide additional storage space for the state medical examiner’s office at the Georgia Bureau of Investigation headquarters in Decatur.
In Albany, a trailer with a capacity of 24 bodies was placed at Phoebe Putney Memorial Hospital, GEMA said. The second unit, sent to the coroner’s office, has a capacity of 48.
From left, Steven Kitchen, chief medical officer at Phoebe Putney Memorial Hospital, Charles Ruis, district health director at DPH, Dougherty County Coroner Michael Fowler, and Dougherty County EMS Director Sam Allen confer after a press conference to provide a Coronavirus update at Albany Government Center in Albany on Tuesday, March 24, 2020. Well off the interstate some 180 miles south-southwest of Atlanta, Albany's struggles with the Coronavirus stick out like a sore thumb on the state's map, as small towns in the region like Americus and Sylvester reported their first cases of the virus on Friday. (Hyosub Shin / Hyosub.Shin@ajc.com)
Credit: HYOSUB SHIN / AJC
Credit: HYOSUB SHIN / AJC
Most bodies must be stored for several days until laboratory tests confirm COVID-19 as the cause of death, said Fowler, the coroner. Some die before test results come back, others without having been tested at all. Samples may be taken with nasal swabs for at least 72 hours after a death, the state’s chief medical examiner, Dr. Jonathan Eisenstat, told coroners and law enforcement officials in a memorandum last week.
Already, more than five dozen people have died in Dougherty County, more than in any other Georgia county. Dozens more from nearby counties have died at Phoebe Putney, southwest Georgia’s largest health care provider. Critical care units at the hospital have been pushed to their limits.
Phoebe Putney Memorial Hospital in Albany. Well off the interstate some 180 miles south-southwest of Atlanta, Albany’s struggles with the novel coronavirus stick out like a sore thumb on the state’s map. (Hyosub Shin / Hyosub.Shin@ajc.com)
The hospital was treating 150 patients with confirmed COVID-19 diagnoses on Thursday, the most of any day since the outbreak began, said Scott Steiner, chief executive of Phoebe Putney Health System.
“While we would love to say we have reached our COVID-19 peak in southwest Georgia, that is not something we can say yet with confidence,” Steiner said.
Instead, he said, the hospital continues to plan “for tomorrow, next week and next month.”
A medical professional in protective equipment prepares to collect a sample from a potential COVID-19 patient at a Phoebe Putney Health System drive-thru testing site in Albany on March 24, 2020. (Hyosub Shin / Hyosub.Shin@ajc.com)
Albany has been mostly locked down for several weeks, and strains are beginning to show as police and sheriff’s deputies cite residents who violate shelter-at-home orders.
At a news briefing, streamed on Facebook, Albany Mayor Bo Dorough angrily responded to citizens who have complained the city has become a “police state.”
“Those who continue to follow their own routines and not modify their behavior are selfish, irresponsible and foolish,” Dorough said.
At the same briefing, Chris Cohilas, chairman of the Dougherty County Commission, spoke somberly about the high death toll in a county of fewer than 90,000 people.
“We have lost 60 Dougherty County citizens,” Cohilas said, a mask covering his face to protect against the virus. “That is a staggering number. Sixty souls. Sixty grandmothers, 60 husbands, 60 wives, 60 people who lived, worked, played and prayed in this community.”
By Thursday evening, the number of deaths had climbed to 66.