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But, how will these precautions work if masks aren’t covering the bottom half of people’s faces, or if they’re wearing face masks around their necks, or worse, carrying them instead in their hands?
The Atlanta Journal-Constitution has created this illustrated guide, showing you how to don a face covering — the safe way — based on recommendations from the CDC and other health care professionals.
And sorry, that probably means you should consider shaving your beard.
Don’t wear a covering below your nose, which leaves you vulnerable to droplets expelled when an infected person talks, sneezes or coughs. If wearing a homemade or cloth mask, make sure you can breathe through it comfortably, but also ensure there’s a good seal along the bridge of your nose and cheekbones.
Mind the gap
Some masks, like disposable surgeon-style masks, are really meant to be used once. Wearing more than that can cause gaps on the sides. They also don’t lend themselves to cleaning. Better to get a cloth mask with multiple layers and snug fitting sides that you can machine wash after each use.
At this point, you’re not even wearing a mask. In a report published in March in the Journal of the American Medical Association, researchers found that if an infected person sneezes or coughs, larger droplets might fall within 6 feet, but smaller residue from the droplets, called aerosols, can travel up to 27 feet and linger in the air for several minutes. You might not be able to pull your mask up fast enough to prevent yourself from inhaling them.
Anytime you pull your mask below your nose and mouth then pull it back up, you’re more likely to touch your face and increase your chances of getting infected.
The long game
Bottom line: you can’t get a good seal around your chin with a mask if you’ve got a lumberjack beard. And while some men have resorted to bandannas or other cloth coverings that they fold and tie into place, any covering that doesn’t tightly cover the bottom of your face can leave others vulnerable if you’re infected.
The right way
What you want is a covering that ideally conforms to the bridge of your nose and along your cheekbones. If you wear glasses and they begin to fog once you put your mask on, you may have gaps. Your mask should seal along your chin and cheeks, and you should be able to breathe freely. Make sure the cloth you use is at least double-layered. And remember not to touch your mouth, eyes or nose as you remove the mask. Wash your hands immediately after you take it off, and wash the mask, if it’s cloth, with soap and water after each use.