According to Bottar Leone, these are the five most common complications of plastic surgery:
- Hematoma: This large blood pocket under the skin resembles a bruise and is the most common complication of facelifts. It is sometimes also seen following breast augmentation procedures. If a hematoma does not resolve, it may require surgery to drain the blood buildup.
- Nerve damage: "Any type of surgical procedure can result in nerve damage, but it is particularly common after plastic surgery," the law firm stated. "Approximately 15 percent of women who undergo breast augmentation surgery experience permanent loss of sensation in the nipple."
- Infection: Just like any other surgery, when the body is opened and exposed to bacteria during cosmetic procedures, infection can result. Bottar Leone asserted that infections like cellulitis occur in about 2 to 4 percent of plastic surgery patients. Most are easy to treat but the severe ones may require hospitalization and IV antibiotics.
- Deep vein thrombosis: This is where blood clots form in deep veins, usually in the legs. Should the clots break away and travel to the lungs, pulmonary embolism, or PE, may occur. "This type of complication is fairly rare, but especially traumatic," said the law firm. "DVT and PE can be fatal."
- Scarring: Bottar Leone particularly stressed the risk of hypertrophic scarring, the thick, red, raised scarring, that occurs in an estimated 2 to 5 percent of breast augmentation surgeries.
However popular plastic surgery has become in America, it still hasn't become commonplace. None of the five most common cosmetic surgeries in the U.S. made Stanford Health Care's alphabetical list of 20 common surgeries. That list included mastectomies, lower back pain surgeries, cataract surgery and surgery to remove hemorrhoids.