Dietary fiber’s tie to depression could be explained in part by interactions between the gut and the brain because it is hypothesized that changes in gut microbiota composition may alter neurotransmission. Gut microbiota’s richness and diversity are enhanced by fiber.
“This study highlights an important link between dietary fiber intake and depression, but the direction of the association is unclear in this observational study, such that women with better mental health may have had a healthier diet and consumed more fiber, or a higher dietary fiber intake may have contributed to improved brain health by modulating the gut microbiome or some combination,” NAMS medical director Dr. Stephanie Faubion said.
“Nonetheless, it has never been more true that ‘you are what you eat,’ given that what we eat has a profound effect on the gut microbiome which appears to play a key role in health and disease.”
Depression is a common and serious mood disorder, according to the National Institute of Mental Health. The agency reported that for some, it can lead to severe impairments that can interfere with or limit the ability to conduct major life pursuits.