“Most brands try to steer away from political stands because they are so polarizing,” said Tim Calkins, a clinical professor of marketing at the Kellogg School of Management at Northwestern University.
Said Rupert Barkoff, a partner and food industry expert for Kilpatrick Townsend: “When you bring politics into business, the worlds collide and the consequences can be unpredictable.”
Privately held Chick-fil-A, which rakes in about $4 billion a year, could see as much as a 1 percent to 2 percent drop in sales if the controversy lasts a month or two, said Peter Saleh, director and senior restaurant analyst for the Telsey Advisory Group.
But Saleh added, “We’ve seen other PR nightmares or PR issues with companies and they will bounce back. It will just take some time. Maybe a couple of quarters.”
Chick-fil-A declined to comment for this article. The chain has stood by its initial statement that its goal is “to treat every person with honor, dignity and respect — regardless of their belief, race, creed, sexual orientation or gender. ... Going forward, our intent is to leave the policy debate over same-sex marriage to the government and political arena.”
The comment sparking the uproar came when Cathy told an interviewer from a religious publication that he supports “the biblical definition of the family unit,” which many, especially those in the gay community, regard as opposing gay marriage. Harder-edged remarks he made on a radio show in June also have circulated.
Greg Sanders, publisher of North Carolina-based Food News Media group, said the debate could stunt the company’s growth in areas outside of the Southeast.
“Chick-fil-A is part of the South. It’s part of the Southern culture, and they’ve done an outstanding job of expanding over the years,” Sanders said. “But let’s be frank, if they’re new in California, not only are social attitudes possibly different in that part of the country, but there’s also not a bank of good will with that brand being built for up years [as it is] in the South.”
Since Cathy’s remarks surfaced, Boston Mayor Thomas Menino and Proco “Joe” Moreno, a Chicago alderman, have promised to block the chain’s efforts to build more stores in their cities.
Muppets creator Jim Henson’s company last week severed a toy deal it recently launched with Chick-fil-A, although reports on Wednesday said Chick-fil-A told customers the toys were being dropped because of unspecified “defects.”
Mark Pettit, president & chief executive officer of Creaxion, an Atlanta marketing firm that has a specialty in crisis management, said Cathy’s candor was bad business.
“Mr. Cathy needs to understand that while his company is privately held, his brand is publicly owned,” Pettit said. “Thousands of gay people work and eat at Chick-fil-A every day — many of them with a bit of shame knowing they love the company but don’t like what senior executives apparently stand for. Mr. Cathy needs to address the situation head-on and let all customers know they are welcome at Chick-fil-A.”
The scope of the controversy is somewhat uncharted territory for Chick-fil-A.
The company has long said it operated on biblical principles and is well-known for staying closed on Sundays, a stance that has won admiration from some. But experts said it never hit diners over the head with beliefs.
Still, this is not the first time the chain has butted heads with gay rights organizations. They have complained about donations the company and franchisees have made to Pennsylvania Family Institute, Focus on the Family and the National Organization for Marriage, all groups that oppose gay marriage.
At that time, Cathy told The Atlanta Journal-Constitution he felt discussion of the issue was a “really great thing” for the company.
Sanders said controversies can yield surprising results. He pointed to a Texas-based pizza chain, Pizza Patron, that launched a “pizza for pesos” promotion in the late 2000s, igniting a media storm during a time that illegal immigration was, and remains, a hot issue.
“There was quite a bit of fallout. They took heavy criticism,” Sanders said. “But here’s the thing: Their sales increased.”