The final Senate vote was 85 to 8.
“I’m disappointed it took so long,” said U.S. Sen. Johnny Isakson, R-Ga. “But not withstanding anything else, Georgia farmers who have been in deep trouble and needed the money a long time ago are going to get the money, and it's going to help us to stabilize the farm market and ...farm families in Georgia.”
Members of the House, who have already fanned out across the country for their Memorial Day recess, could approve the bill by voice vote by the end of the week, but a roll call vote in early June is also possible.
“If the Senate passes the legislation today, House Democrats support clearing it through the House as soon as possible," said Evan Hollander, a spokesman for the Democrat-led House Appropriations Committee.
The agreement came more than seven months after Hurricane Michael devastated the Southeast, making landfall as a historic Category 5 storm. The hurricane killed 45 people and created more than $2.5 billion in damage to Georgia agriculture alone.
Georgia's political leaders had for months pleaded with Congress to approve the disaster relief money, which had broad bipartisan support. But the issue quickly became lumped in with the radioactive Puerto Rico fight, as well as the White House's last-minute border request.
The Senate’s action on Thursday represented a remarkable turnaround. Hours earlier, the package appeared to be on the brink of failure as negotiators struggled to agree on immigration-related provisions.
Perdue credited Trump with the political breakthrough.
"Today the president acknowledged he was going to fulfill his promise to these disaster victims and have their back, and I think today in a bipartisan way Congress backed him up on that, so I'm delighted with this outcome ,” the Republican told reporters.
Throughout the disaster relief debate, Trump called Puerto Rico an ineffective steward of taxpayer money. As recently as Monday, he repeated an erroneous claim that Washington had already sent $91 billion to the island.
Senate Minority Leader Chuck Schumer, D-N.Y., said Trump’s insistence on Puerto Rico and immigration funding were what prevented a deal.
“The president interfered twice and slowed it down,” he said.
The money may be too little too late for some Georgia farmers. The planting season for some crops began months ago, and in order to get by, some farmers chose to mortgage off portions of their land - while others sat out entirely.
It’s still unclear how much money Georgia will ultimately receive from the disaster relief bill. Once approved, federal agencies will divvy up the money and develop formulas and regulations to determine what individual farmers, governments and development authorities will receive based on need.
Cox Media Group’s Jamie Dupree contributed to this article.