Calderon Diaz’s struggles were far from unique. According to U.S. Census data, Savannah’s Chatham County saw its Hispanic population surge by 66% from 2010 to 2020 – from about 14,000 residents to nearly 24,000 – a Latino growth rate that exceeded the state’s (32%) and the nation’s (23%) during that time span.
The school system is responding to the changing demographics, with official data showing 15% of the student body is Hispanic (the Black and white share of the student body stand at 56% and 20%, respectively). This school year, it has rolled out new initiatives targeting the concerns of immigrant families like Calderon Diaz’s.
“I think all districts look at their data [to see] what the needs of our students are,” said Bernadette Ball-Oliver, deputy superintendent for teaching and learning in the Savannah-Chatham County Public School System (SCCPSS).
According to federal data compiled by the Migration Policy Institute, Georgia had the country’s sixth largest population of English learners in K-12 education as of the fall in 2020. Most are in Atlanta, but communities statewide are seeing their English learning population grow.
Over the summer, the Savannah-Chatham district announced an $835,000 investment in its English language learners. The bulk of the funding will go towards hiring new teachers of English for Speakers of Other Languages (ESOL),as well as interpreters and a bilingual social worker. Until this school year, just one SCCPSS high school out of 11 provided ESOL services. Also in the works is a new International Welcome Center, which Ball-Oliver says will help parents register their children in school and provide wraparound services, connecting families to community resources. Those moves follow last year’s implementation of the Language Line, a phone translation services for parents.
SSCPSS’ announcement of the nearly $1 million grant comes after local Latino advocates had spoken up about immigrant parents’ dissatisfaction over their interactions with the school district. Last spring, the Savannah-based nonprofit Migrant Equity Southeast (MESE) published a report highlighting “the disparities of equitable access to resources for students and communities from whom English is their secondary language.”
Citing below average student achievement rates for English language learners and the need for school districts to “innovate and transform their practices” as student bodies diversify, the MESE report called for more bilingual staffing and more robust engagement with immigrant families.
After surveying over 150 Spanish-speaking parents in Savannah, MESE found that over 90% of respondents wished they had more opportunities to be involved in their children’s education.
Approximately two-thirds said they have had to rely on their kids to translate for them during interactions or discussions with SSCPSS staff at school. More than half indicated they were not satisfied with parent-school communication, with many highlighting English-only notices or updates from the district. Nearly half of the parents said they were unfamiliar with the concept of a Parent Teacher Association.
Ball-Oliver said maximizing parents’ ability to connect with educators and administrators is a longstanding priority for district leadership.
“Having the parental involvement piece is critical … We’re partners in this,” she said. “A lot of times, we rely on parents to give us information that helps inform what we do in school. And parents rely on us to give them information that can inform how they support their child academically at home.”
Many of the district’s new investments into better serving Hispanic parents are still pending, but Calderon Diaz said she has noticed an improvement during the first semester of this school year, with more Spanish-speaking staff at her disposal.
“Things are changing,” she said.
In the fall of 2022, the U.S. Department of Education announced a grant of nearly $120 million to help colleges and universities across the country train teachers of English learners.
“As our nation grows more diverse than ever before, we must level up our investments in educators who can provide students from all backgrounds with equitable opportunities to succeed,” said Secretary of Education Miguel Cardona in a statement.
Credit: Courtesy of Migrant Equity Southeast
Credit: Courtesy of Migrant Equity Southeast
Advocates fill the void
Migrant Equity Southeast, the Latino-serving nonprofit, has been active since 2013 but saw its role expand during the pandemic, when it mobilized to help families cover basic needs, including food and rent assistance for immigrants who didn’t qualify for government aid.
During that time, parents shared they were also struggling to communicate with schools and understand the ins and outs of distance learning.
“We started acting like a bridge and providing translation for free between the parents and the school district,” said Daniela Rodriguez, executive director at MESE.
Immigrant parents continued approaching MESE for help after brick-and-mortar schooling returned.
“We realized that all of their issues had one thing in common: language. [Parents] wanted to advocate for their children. But because of language [barriers], they couldn’t do it.”
Rodriguez said a surge of construction in the Savannah region in recent years created plentiful job opportunities for Latino workers. She feels local institutions failed to anticipate and prepare for the fact that workers would be moving in with their families in tow.
The SSCPSS’s investment into its English-learning students, which was announced shortly after MESE published its report on the inequities faced by immigrant families, was “huge for us,” according to Rodriguez.
She said it’s an example of the power of grassroots activism.
“At the state and national level, we don’t always get what we want and that can feel kind of hopeless. But we can continue advocating at the local level. If all of us advocate at the local level, all of us can win. Our campaign here in Chatham County is a perfect example.”