In their application, Calhoun and Estes described the event as a “non partisan gathering … to call attention to the efforts of the extreme left and Communists to remove history and monuments of the American people. This includes the NAACP seeking to remove the Stone Mountain carving.”
Calhoun is a Cedartown resident and self-admitted member of the Ku Klux Klan. Estes is a white supremacist with a history of arrests and imprisonment for offenses ranging from shoplifting to burglary to stalking. Both men have been involved in protests at Stone Mountain since the 2015 massacre of black church members in Charleston by a white supremacist put the Confederate flag and memorials in the cultural cross hairs.
In posts on the internet, the organizers of the rally make their racist beliefs clear. To join a closed group for rally organizers on social media platform MeWe, applicants must answer whether they are "interested in securing the existence of Our People and a future for White children?" The question echos a slogan known as the "14 words," attributed to violent white supremacist David Lane.
Joseph Andrews, from left, of Woodstock, Shaun Winkler of Mississippi and James Berry of Michigan walk through the designated Rock Stone Mountain protest area as hundreds of counter-protesters can be seen 100 yards behind them at Stone Mountain Park on Saturday afternoon April 23, 2016. BEN GRAY / AJC
Stone Mountain was the scene of a series of protests from August 2015 through April 2016 which became both smaller over time and more radical. The first Rock Stone Mountain in 2016 was the culminating event.
That rally was organized explicitly as a white power event, paired with a march that same day in Rome organized by the neo-Nazi National Socialist Movement.
But while hundreds of supporters had signed up to attend, only a handful actually made it to the park. Instead, the rally was inundated with counter-protesters, including civil rights organizations, Christian peace activists, and masked anti-fascists groups, popularly known as “antifa.”
The latter group openly clashed with police who formed a cordon to keep the sides separated, throwing rocks and setting off fireworks. Rather than posing before the park’s iconic carving, the white supremacists were corralled in a distant parking lot for their protection.
Tensions were so high park officials closed the park to tourists for much of the day.
That experience apparently was in mind when Calhoun and Estes applied for a permit. In an attached sheet, the pair asked that the starting and ending times for their planned rally be “concealed until the day of the event in order to avoid lawless attempts to block traffic by Antifa and other groups.”
Stone Mountain association spokesman John Bankhead declined to comment on the event, saying the permit denial letter spoke for itself.
Calhoun and Estes did not return calls seeking comment, but later published a defiant post on the Rock Stone Mountain Facebook page.
“The Constitution is our permit to peacefully assemble,” the post said.
Speaking for the group, Michael Carothers, a self-described “pro-white rights advocate” who goes by the name Michael Weaver, said he considers the permit denial an illegal suppression of free speech.
“We are not going to keep seeking permission to exercise rights that veterans fought and died for,” he said. “If a permit can be denied to us – and let’s say that we are unpopular at this time – it can be denied to you tomorrow.”
Counter-protesters fight among themselves at Stone Mountain Park on Saturday afternoon April 23, 2016. Hundreds of counter-demonstrators turned out to oppose a white power protest at the park. BEN GRAY / AJC
Much of the inspiration for the proposed rally appears to have come from the candidacy of Democratic gubernatorial candidate Stacey Abrams. In 2017, Abrams called for the removal of the Confederate carving, which features Robert E. Lee and two other major figures of the Confederacy. During the campaign, Abrams softened her tone, calling for an "authentic conversation" about the carving and its meaning.
An activist group called Atlanta Antifascists broke the news about the denial Monday, publishing the denial letter on their web page and social media channels. Because the event hasn’t been cancelled on Facebook, the group warned its activists to remain prepared to counter protest.
“Since it is possible that the event’s Klan and white supremacist organizers may try to proceed without a permit or make other plans for the day, we are still asking all anti-racists and community allies to be ready to respond on February 2,” the group wrote.
The story so far
The AJC has closely followed the efforts of extremist groups to incite unrest and call attention to their views since a highly publicized rally at Stone Mountain Park in August 2015. The AJC has also reported on how law enforcement agencies in Georgia have sought to minimize the potential for violence at such rallies, as well as how counter-protest groups have formed to confront them.