Kenlissia Jones, 23, of Albany, Ga., was ordered held without bond on charges of murder and possession of a dangerous drug.
District Attorney Greg Edwards indicated he might send the case to a grand jury.
According to a local report, Jones reportedly took a drug called Cytotec that she bought online from Canada, then delivered the male fetus in a car as a neighbor drove her to a hospital. The newborn died a short time later.
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Authorities said the Associated Press would have to request the police report on Jones’ arrest in writing under the state’s open records act.
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The Associated Press contributed to this report.