Heart-healthy foods do this by decreasing blood pressure, overall cholesterol, “bad” LDL cholesterol, triglycerides and fasting blood sugar, Healthline reported. In general, such foods are low in cholesterol, sodium and saturated fats. They’re high in fiber, antioxidants, vitamins and minerals. They’re also trans fat-free.
CNN Health reported on several foods Type 2 diabetes patients can eat to help decrease cardiovascular disease risk. Here are a few.
A 2019 study showed that eating eggs for breakfast can control diabetes patients’ blood sugar throughout the day. Another study showed that “good” HDL cholesterol increases when eating eggs daily even as LDL could marginally increase. So the total cholesterol to HDL ratio remains constant. That ratio is a key indicator of heart disease.
Fish with omega-3 fatty acids may boost heart health by slightly lowering blood pressure and decreasing triglycerides, the Mayo Clinic said. Salmon, sardines, cod and canned, light tuna are good sources of omega-3-rich fish.
Studies have shown that regularly eating apples can decrease the likelihood of developing high blood pressure. Bananas are good sources of fiber, which can lower cholesterol. They can also help regulate blood pressure through their high potassium and magnesium levels, according to the Cleveland Clinic. A study of women showed grapefruits are linked to increased HDL cholesterol, decreased triglycerides and lower weight.
Legumes and beans can help improve blood cholesterol, which is a leading cause of heart disease, the American Heart Association said.
Studies show that nutrients including such as vitamin K, vitamin C and plant compounds, such as nitrate and organosulfur may offer cardiovascular disease protection. These nutrients and compounds can be found in spinach, kale, broccoli, greens, leeks and garlic.
Many whole grains are good sources of fiber. The American Heart Association said fiber can help raise blood cholesterol levels. This lowers the risk of Type 2 diabetes, stroke, heart disease and obesity.
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