As my AJC colleague Eric Stirgus recently reported, the Georgia Legislature may again tackle the issue of need-based aid:
There are about 525,000 students enrolled in Georgia's public and private colleges, and by some estimates, more than 10,000 of them drop out every year due to financial hardship. State lawmakers passed a bill on the final day of last year's legislative session aimed at filling the gap, but the final version of the legislation did not set aside a pot of money for students.
More Georgia students are relying on federal aid to attend college. The percentage of full-time University System of Georgia students who received Pell Grants, federal aid designed for students who fall under certain income eligibility levels, has increased from 34 percent to 44 percent over the last decade, state data shows.
After the Great Recession, college costs for many students rose at alarming rates while state support for each full-time student declined. From fiscal year 2006 to 2015, the average cost of attendance at University System schools increased 77 percent from $8,361 to $14,791 per year, according to a report by the Georgia Department of Audits and Accounts. Meanwhile, state legislative support for college costs declined from 70 percent to about 50 percent during that time period.
Many readers contend students gain maturity and confidence when required to work their way through school. But students can also end up losing, if they work too many hours or at jobs that don’t provide high-quality work experience.
A 2018 Georgetown University Center on Education and the Workforce study looked at the nearly 70 percent of students who work while enrolled in college. The stuy found low-income students tend to work more hours and pay a price in lower graduation rates.
Only 22 percent of low-income students working while enrolled complete a bachelor’s degree within six years, compared to 37 percent of higher-income working peers.
Regardless of a student’s income level, more hours on the job decreases the likelihood of earning good grades and finishing college. However, lower-income kids log more hours and while in jobs that that don’t complement their academic ambitions, the study found.
While the study showed higher-income students are more apt to land internships and assistantships that bolster their academic goals, low-income students are more likely to work in food service, and sales jobs with fewer opportunities for career-building work experience.