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The main drivers of species loss, according to the report, include human-led alteration of land and sea, direct human exploitation of organisms, global warming, pollution and invasive alien species.
Our current rate of species extinction, the IPBES stated, “is already tens to hundreds of times higher than it has been, on average, over the last 10 million years.”
"The essential, interconnected web of life on Earth is getting smaller and increasingly frayed," German professor Josef Settele, who co-chaired the assessment, said in a statement. "This loss is a direct result of human activity and constitutes a direct threat to human well-being in all regions of the world."
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Only “transformative change” across economic, social, political and technological dimensions may help overcome the problem.
In the report summary, experts suggest humans can improve sustainability in farming, reduce food waste, reduce pollution from land to sea and establish species exploitation quotas.
“Every species has a role to play in the tapestry of life and if we do not protect this biodiversity, if we continue over-consuming and wasting natural resources, the tapestry will gradually fall apart,” primatologist
said in a statement Monday in response to the grim report.
More about the report at ipbes.net.