A gaggle of Georgians insisted that the Southern Battle Flag was not based on racism, but merely on a love for the Old South.
They were ignoring, of course, that the Confederate symbol had only been added to the Georgia flag in 1956 as a protest against Brown vs. Board of Education- the case that outlawed segregation in public schools.
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The old Stars and Bars, according to some Georgians, was merely displaying their affection for the “Old South.” They must’ve been repressing the fact that the “Old South” was an agrarian society that was founded on the backs of African Americans.
Barnes, however, knew better.
In late 2000 he approached business and civil rights leaders to get support for his plan to change the flag. The change would proclaim to the world at large that Georgia actively wanted to rescind its heritage of racism.
Barnes won the initial battle. Even conservative lawmakers, standing in the well of the state house, admitted that Georgia’s history of racism must be abandoned.
A new flag, designed by architect Cecil Alexander, reduced the size of the Confederate symbol and positioned it as just one of many early flags.
Barnes’ noble cause gave rise to a furious opposition. For months the Governor was accompanied everywhere he went by “flaggers”, protesters who waved the original Confederate flag and who shouted curses whenever Barnes was visible.
The narrative might have ended there except that Barnes faced stern opposition in the 2004 election. His opponent, Sonny Purdue, used the issue of the flag to inflame Georgians and to convince native southerners that Barnes had somehow abandoned them.
The fight over the flag was responsible, in part, for Barnes’ defeat in that election.
Barnes won the battle, but lost the war.
Under the new governor, a flag which contained the Confederate Stars and Bars was established as the new Georgia symbol.
I thought of Barnes’ fight to replace the Georgia flag earlier this month as it was announced that NASCAR itself would ban the Confederate flag.