Marking the eve of the centennial of the beginning of World War I in their own way, Bosnian Serbs on Friday unveiled a monument in their part of Sarajevo to the man who ignited the war by assassinating the Austro-Hungarian crown prince on June 28, 1914.
At the other end of the city, the Vienna Philharmonic orchestra from Archduke Franz Ferdinand’s Austtia was rehearsing for today’s grand EU-sponsored performance, planned as a symbolic start of a new century of peace at the place where the century of wars in Europe started 100 years ago.
The separate events testify to the depth of lingering divisions in Bosnia-Herzegovina, where one side performed works of Austrian, German and French composers in a salute to European integration while the other celebrated the man who assassinated the emperor’s heir as a national hero.
Today’s concert aims to emphasize the transformation Europe has gone through, said Clemens Hellsberg, the President of the Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra. “We feel obliged to do things in a better way than it was done in the past,” he said, adding the orchestra is delivering a message of humanity to those who want to listen.
It will start with the Bosnian anthem and finish with Beethoven’s “Ode to Joy” — the official European anthem — which symbolizes where Europe sees Bosnia’s future, he said.
In the Bosnian Serb East Sarajevo they have a different goal for Bosnia: to divide the country so that the Serb part can join neighboring Serbia.
During the unveiling ceremony Friday, a young actor dressed as assassin Gavrilo Pricip ran on the stage and fired two shots in the air, then cited a poem Princip wrote in captivity. Later the actor pointed his gun into the air while posing in front of Princip’s statue as people in the crowd shouted that he should “shoot at NATO” or “shoot at the EU.”
“Gavrilo Princip was a freedom fighter and the Austro Hungarian empire was an occupier here,” said the president of the Bosnian Serb half of the country, Milorad Dodik, after he unveiled the 6 foot tall bronze statue.
“People who live here have never been on the same side of history and are still divided. We are sending different messages and that says it all about this country which is being held together by international violence,” he said.
For the Bosnian Serbs, Princip’s shots announced their liberation from Austro-Hungarian rule and a chance for Bosnia to join the neighboring Serbian kingdom. That same idea inspired the Serbs in 1992 to fight the decision by Muslim Bosnians and Catholic Croats to declare the former republic of Bosnia independent when Serb-dominated Yugoslavia fell apart.
A peace agreement ended the 1992-95 war without a winner by recognizing Bosnia as a sovereign state but divided in two parts — one for the Serbs and the other shared by the Muslims and Catholics. The Serb leadership sees the current division only as a step toward a final dissolution and inclusion of their half into Serbia, and have refused to take part in the EU commemoration.
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