The only top 10 city to lose population was Detroit, which lost 49,121 people over the decade, nearly half of them from 2008 to 2009. Detroit was bumped from ninth place in 2000 to 11th in 2008, where it remained last year.
The Census Bureau defines a metropolitan statistical area as core urban counties and any adjacent counties with social and economic ties indicated by heavy commuting.
The bureau based its new figures, which were released this month, on estimates using birth and death registries, federal tax returns, military and Medicare files and other administrative records that indicate domestic and international migration.
To see the numbers, visit the Census Bureau Web site at http://www.census.gov/popest/metro/metro.html.