Two-thirds of the Senate was needed to convict Trump. The vote was 57-43 against Trump, but he was acquitted.
Democratic senators have discussed in recent weeks that they might invoke the 14th Amendment, which says Congress can bar people who “engaged in insurrection or rebellion” against the U.S. from holding office.
According to the U.S. Senate archives, the amendment was passed by the Senate on June 8, 1866, and ratified two years later. Besides granting citizenship to all persons “born or naturalized in the United States,” including formerly enslaved people, and providing everyone with “equal protection under the laws,” it also banned those who “engaged in insurrection” against the U.S. from holding any civil, military or elected office without the approval of two-thirds of the House and Senate.
The amendment prohibited former Confederate states from repaying war debts and compensating former slave owners for the emancipation of their slaves.
U.S. Sen. Tim Kaine, D-Virginia, has reportedly been on the forefront of the 14th Amendment push, and U.S. Sen. Chris Coons, D-Delaware, late last month called it “intriguing.”