The sales taxes could raise billions of dollars for new transit lines in coming decades. Throw in $100 million included in next year's state budget and transit projects could get a big boost in funding.
It's a remarkable turnaround for a region that at times has been hostile to mass transit. MARTA provides passenger rail or bus service in Fulton, DeKalb and Clayton counties. But voters in Cobb and Gwinnett have said "no" to joining the agency, though they have created their own bus systems.
With traffic congestion a persistent problem, attitudes have changed in many suburban communities. Now Gwinnett and Fulton counties are preparing for transit expansions.
“We’re at the point where we’ve got to look at different ways of traveling,” Gwinnett County Commission Chairwoman Charlotte Nash said.
The bill allows most counties to impose a transit sales tax of up to 1 percent for 30 years.
It allows a referendum on joining MARTA in Gwinnett County this year. It would allow Cobb County to create a special district to collect taxes for transit – the tax would not be collected in parts of the county that don't want mass transit.
And it allows Fulton voters outside Atlanta to approve a .2-percent transit tax – the county already levies a 1 percent tax for MARTA.
HB 930 does not require any county to expand their transit systems. Most counties contacted by The Atlanta Journal-Constitution don’t plan to take advantage of the new law any time soon.
“I would be surprised if there’s any desire from this board to go forward with an election,” said Fayette County Commission Chairman Eric Maxwell.
But Gwinnett and Fulton counties could hold referendums in the next year or two. And Cobb and DeKalb counties may not be far behind.
The transit legislation follows the General Assembly's 2015 decision to raise nearly a billion dollars a year in gas taxes for road and bridge improvements. Taken together, Deal said the actions Georgia's commitment to improving its transportation network.
“We are, indeed, a twenty-first century state,” Deal said. “It’s about time we had a twenty-first century transit system.”