WATCH: President Trump Abandons Citizenship Question on Census, Will Seek ‘New Option’

House oversight panel sues Barr, Ross to obtain 2020 census documents

President Donald Trump asserted executive privilege in June to deny material that the Committee on Oversight and Reform had subpoenaed in order to examine the administration's motivations in its attempt to put a question about citizenship on census forms. 

"I am filing this enforcement action today because the Trump administration's brazen obstruction of Congress must not stand," said the committee's new chair, Carolyn Maloney of New York. "President Trump and his aides are not above the law." 

Rep. Carolyn Maloney (D-N.Y.) is the new chair of the House Committee on Oversight and Reform.
Photo: ERIN SCHAFF/The New York Times

The lawsuit, filed in U.S. District Court in Washington, D.C., says "the committee must understand the extent of maladministration by government officials and the scope and nature of procedural defects relating to the census." The legal papers say that includes understanding the Commerce Department's "efforts to affect the accuracy of the enumeration, and improper political influences on the census." 

On June 27, the Supreme Court ruled the administration's plan to add a citizenship question to the census violated federal law and that its purported rationale for adding the question was "contrived," "cannot be adequately explained," and "does not match the explanation the secretary gave for his decision."

» FROM JUNE: Supreme Court puts plans for 2020 census citizenship question on hold

Trump gave up on his effort to add a citizenship question a few weeks later. 

» FROM JULY: Trump abandons citizenship question on census, will seek 'new option'

The House voted in July to hold Barr and Ross in contempt for refusing to produce documents under the committee's subpoenas. 

From left, Commerce Secretary Wilbur Ross, Attorney General William Barr and President Donald Trump before making a statement about the census on July 11 in the White House Rose Garden.
Photo: DOUG MILLS/The New York Times

Despite the Supreme Court ruling and the House contempt vote, Barr and Ross have continued to refuse to produce any additional documents in response to the subpoenas over the past four months. 

» FROM JULY: 2020 Census forms to be printed without citizenship question

Congressional Democrats have said they are looking for evidence the Trump administration's bid to include the citizenship question was designed to suppress census responses from immigrants and noncitizens. Cutting the population count could have reduced congressional seats, Electoral College clout and federal funding for some states. 

The 2020 census begins in Alaska in January and across the rest of the country in April.

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