Development authorities play key roles in real estate and business recruitment in Georgia, issuing lucrative incentives often with little oversight. Their boards are typically appointed by elected leaders and tend to be made up of well-connected business or political figures.
Legislators have long tried and failed to reform development authorities.
“The development authorities and the bond lawyers, and very successful business entities, like the system as it exists today and feel like it’s working and change is not necessary,” Oliver said.
Under Georgia law, members of development authorities in the state’s four most-populous counties can be paid a per diem or stipend for their service. But Fulton’s is the only development authority that does.
Oliver’s first bill would cap per diem payments available to members of large development authorities at the amount of money General Assembly members make annually — which as of now is $16,200. It also would give ethics boards at the state or local level the power to investigate.
Critics have long chastised Fulton’s authority as a rubberstamp that gives developers huge tax breaks to build in red-hot real estate markets like Midtown or along the Beltline.
“There’s not a lot of sunshine on these transactions,” Oliver said.
The AJC investigation showed a former chairman, Bob Shaw, received more than $1 million in combined stipend and salary payments over a 10-year period. Two other former members, Walter Metze and Samuel Jolley Jr., received more than $100,000 each. The AJC investigation found the three were at times paid multiple per diems per day.
These payouts were happening despite no evidence that per diem rates were even authorized as required by law, the Fulton County Commission later found.
Oliver’s secondbill would allow local governments, include school systems, to object to annexations because it would hurt residents financially. Annexation fights have landed in court, which she said wastes time and money.
The Fulton authority has undergone a massive amount of change during the last several months.
The board under new chairman, Michel “Marty” Turpeau, tightened internal controls. The county commission, meanwhile, has appointed five new representatives to the nine-member board.
Two of those new members represent the Atlanta and Fulton school systems following an amendment last year to the authority’s bylaws. This move, long asked for by schools officials, is aimed at giving a voice to the school systems, which fund about half the value of tax incentives granted by Fulton authority and previously had no say.
Sarah-Elizabeth Langford, the authority’s new interim executive director, has marching orders to help smaller businesses and poorer areas of Fulton.
Oliver said she had lunch with Turpeau and they discussed reform to the agency.
“I was encouraged by his intent and I’ve also been encouraged by what he’s done since that lunch ... I believe they’ve set a more appropriate guardrails about per diems,” she said. She added that she’s glad to see the authority actually reject proposals from developers.
Still, Oliver said taxpayers aren’t benefitting from development authority deals because developers are running the show.
“They are more active, aggressive and approach their development proposals with a sense of entitlement,” she said.
Oliver said she has been talking to Republican lawmakers and feels good about getting bipartisan support for the bills.
Ben Brasch is the reporter tasked with keeping Fulton County government accountable. The Florida native moved to Atlanta for a job with The AJC. If there's something important to you going on in Fulton, he wants to know about it. Help him better metro Atlanta by dropping a line, anonymously or otherwise.