Phonics is a method of teaching to read that involves breaking down words into sounds and tying them to letters or groups of letters. Less than a third of Georgia’s fourth and eighth grade students were reading proficiently or better, according to test results from last spring on the National Assessment of Educational Progress, the most comprehensive national look so far at the academic toll of the COVID-19 pandemic.
The standards are academic goals that influence local choices about curriculum and the timing of its use in each grade. In some subjects and grades, student learning of the standards is measured with a test called the Milestones. The results are submitted to the federal government as part of accountability requirements established by Congress.