Among the data points the College Board will share with colleges about the applicant: The predicted probability that a student from the neighborhood/high school enrolls in a four-year college, the number of married or coupled families, single parent families, and children living under the poverty line, median family income, housing stability as gauged through vacancy rates, rental vs. home ownership, and mobility/housing turnover, educational attainment in the area, and the predicted probability of being a victim of a crime in the neighborhood or neighborhood.
The goal of the adversity score was to give colleges a sense of whether applicants’ attainments were remarkable in the context of their neighborhood and their school and the obstacles they had to overcome. The adversity score would not have fed into or raised a student’s SAT performance but simply given colleges additional information about an applicant.
According to a release from College Board today:
These changes come in response to feedback from educators and families over the past few months. The revised resource offers greater consistency in the admissions process, providing admissions professionals with organized information on schools and neighborhoods.
"We listened to thoughtful criticism and made Landscape better and more transparent," said David Coleman, CEO of College Board. "Landscape provides admissions officers more consistent background information so they can fairly consider every student, no matter where they live and learn."
Colleges have long considered context about students' high schools and neighborhoods when making admissions decisions. But with more applications coming from more places, getting consistent information about every high school and neighborhood is challenging. Admissions officers using Landscape estimate they lack high school information for about 25% of all applications. Landscape presents consistent high school and neighborhood information so admissions officers can fairly consider each student.
The College Board emphasized Landscape will not alter or replace any information that students provide in their applications or individual information, such as GPA, personal essay, or high school transcript. Nor will it alter a student’s SAT score in any way.
"Landscape is evidence of two things: College Board's intentional commitment to access and the organization's willingness to incorporate feedback from school counselors and member institutions," said Steve Frappier, Westminster's director of college. "In admissions, any gaps in essential information inhibit understanding, which in turn can inhibit a committee's ability to advocate. Applicants tell their own stories based on required materials, which often include transcript, essays, the listing of activities, and test scores. When consulted, Landscape stands to increase an admissions officer's understanding of all applicants, especially those applying from unfamiliar neighborhoods."