1. The court is made up of nine justices. They include Chief Justice John Roberts Jr., and eight Associate Justices: Anthony Kennedy (who announced his retirement June 27), Clarence Thomas, Ruth Bader Ginsburg, Stephen Breyer, Samuel Alito Jr., Sonia Sotomayor, Elena Kagan and Neil Gorsuch. There are three retired associate justices: Sandra Day O'Connor, David Souter and John Paul Stevens.
2. While the justices do not issue decisions every day, they have a large potential caseload. Approximately 7,000 to 8,000 new cases are filed each term. About 80 of those will be allowed a plenary review, with arguments presented by attorneys. Another 100 are disposed of without a review. After the arguments, the court will publish the justices' written opinions and orders, which can thousands of pages long. Some opinions may be revised a dozen times before they are issued.