Jose said he put them in his bag and the substitute teacher tried to grab the candy, WGHP reported.
Jose said the teacher then grabbed him and held him against the wall before throwing him over his shoulder to the ground.
The student said he had bruises on his elbow, shoulder and back.
Jose's mother shared the video of Jose falling to the floor on Facebook saying she wants justice.
Guilford County Schools spokeswoman Tina Firesheets told WGHP that the teacher is no longer a district employee.
The Escuderos told WGHP that they're looking into legal action against both the school and teacher, whose name has not been released.
WSOCTV.COM contributed to this report.