The focus of hotly contested immigration legislation swung Friday from the Senate to the House, where conservative Republicans hold power, there is no bipartisan template to serve as a starting point and the two parties stress widely different priorities.
“It’s a very long and winding road to immigration reform,” said Rep. Tom Cole, an Oklahoma Republican, adding that it could be late this year or perhaps early in 2014 before the outcome is known. His own constituents are “very skeptical, mostly opposed,” he said.
Supporters of the Senate bill, which was approved Thursday on a 69-32 bipartisan vote, sought to rally support in the House for the legislation’s promise of a path to citizenship for those living in the United States unlawfully — a key provision in tandem with steps to reduce future illegal immigration.
“The Republican Party still doesn’t understand the depth … of this movement and just how much the American people want comprehensive immigration reform,” said Rep. Luis Gutierrez, D-Ill. “We need to make sure they come to this understanding.”
But Rep. Matt Salmon, R-Ariz., said any bill that results in citizenship is a nonstarter. He called the Senate approach “patently unfair” to those trying to “do it the legal way.”
Traveling in Africa, President Barack Obama called House Speaker John Boehner, R-Ohio, and Democratic leader Nancy Pelosi of California , urging them to pass an immigration bill. Yet not even a firm timetable has been set.
The House Republican rank and file is scheduled to hold a closed-door meeting on the issue shortly after returning from a July 4 vacation, and Boehner has said previously he hopes legislation on the topic can be passed by the end of July. But aides said it is possible the issue will not come to the floor until the leadership had successfully resurrected a farm bill that was defeated last week.
In contrast to the all-in-one approach favored by the Senate, the House Judiciary Committee gave its approval to a series of single-issue bills in recent days, none including a path to citizenship that Obama and Democrats have set as a top priority.
One, harshly condemned by Democrats, provides for a crackdown on immigrants living in the United States illegally. Another sets up a temporary program for farm workers to come to the United States, but without the opportunity for citizenship the Senate-passed measure includes.
A third, which drew several Democratic votes, requires establishment of a mandatory program within two years for companies to verify the legal status of their workers. The Senate bill sets a four-year phase-in, although supporters of the legislation have also signaled they are agreeable to tighter requirements. A fourth increases the number of visas for highly-skilled workers.
Rep. Zoe Lofgren, D-Calif., criticized the approach followed so far by House Republicans. “We have taken up a series of small-bore partisan bills that are in some cases bizarre,” she said at a panel discussion hosted by Bloomberg Government and the National Restaurant Association. “We have not touched the whole issue of how you get 11 million people right with the law.”
Also appearing on the panel, Republican Rep. Mario Diaz-Balart of Florida said the House must find a solution for those living in the United States unlawfully. “Ignoring that reality does not make it go away,” he said.
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