1. Chess is believed to come from an the Indian game chaturanga. 2. The modern rules where standardized in the 19th century. 3. The game ends by checkmate, resignation, time or forfeit. 4. There are rules around when a draw is declared, such 50 moves without a pawn movement or capture. 5. Computers have made massive improvements in their chess ability, as it is a game with no hidden information.

Homeless boy wins New York State chess championship: 'I want to be the youngest grandmaster'

An 8-year-old homeless Nigerian refugee has won the New York State chess championship for his age bracket. 

“I want to be the youngest grandmaster,” Tanitoluwa Adewumi, who goes by Tani, told The New York Times

Tanitoluwa placed first in the New York State Scholastic Championships tournament for kindergarten through third grade — a remarkable win for anyone.

“It’s unheard for any kid, let alone one in a homeless shelter,” Russell Makofsky, who oversees Manhattan's P.S. 116 chess program, told USA TODAY. 

Tanitoluwa hasn't had an easy life. His family left northern Nigeria in 2017 fearing attacks on Christians, The New York Times reports, and moved to New York City over a year ago where the boy learned how to play chess at school. He and his family live in a homeless shelter. 

School chess coach Shawn Martinez saw Tanitoluwa's potential after observing him excel in the game a few weeks after first learning it early last year. 

Tanitoluwa Adewumi recently earned the title of New York's chess champion for kindergarten through third grade. He's a homeless Nigerian refugee who just learned the game a little over a year ago.

He reached out to Tanitoluwa's family about joining the school's chess program, and learned they were unable to pay costs associated with membership. Makofsky decided to wave Tanitoluwa's fees, which can easily exceed thousands with travel and chess camp admissions.

A student gifted Tanitoluwa a chess clock. Tanitoluwa's mother took him to free regular three-hour practice sessions in Harlem. His dad lets him use a laptop to play chess online. 

Seven trophies later, the elementary school boy is one of the top players in the country for his age group. 

"He works very hard at his game," Martinez said, estimating Tanitoluwa could achieve master status "in the next year or two." The world's youngest grandmaster qualified at the age of 12.

As Tanitoluwa's story hits national headlines, more people want to help. 

Makofsky, who set up a GoFundMe for Tanitoluwa, said the family has received offers for a car, legal services, jobs and even housing. 

"My hope is that he'll be in a home tonight," Makofsky said. 

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