GOP lawmakers said Democrats had come up with a plan that wouldn't work, arguing these extra checks would not have stopped an array of high profile mass shootings.
"The shooter at Stoneman Douglas High School in Parkland passed a background check," said Rep. Greg Steube (R-FL). "The shooter at Pulse Nightclub in Orlando passed a background check."
"It makes no sense to have a background check system if that background check system doesn't work," said Rep. Rob Woodall (R-GA).
“We have heard that we have to do something - basically, even if it won’t work,” said Rep. Doug Collins (R-GA).
But those arguments went nowhere with Democrats, who argued that GOP inaction - featuring the repeated expression of 'thoughts and prayers' - wasn't stopping gun violence.
"Democrats are taking action today – not another moment of silence," said House Majority Whip Steny Hoyer (D-MD).
"The time to act is now," said Rep. Deb Haaland (D-NM).
"One life lost to gun violence is one too many," argued Rep. Don McEachin (D-VA).
"There is no question, we need to address the epidemic of gun violence in our country. We cannot sit idly by," said Rep. Joe Negeuse (D-CO).
While the bill has made it through the House, it faces a difficult future in the Senate, where Republicans have no plans to bring the measure up for a vote.
It's still possible that Senate Democrats could try to force a vote on it at some point in coming months, but backers certainly do not have 60 votes to make that happen.