Under the state's current medical marijuana law, it's legal for registered patients to possess medical marijuana but illegal to buy or distribute it. Patients often obtain medical marijuana from outside Georgia, though federal law bans interstate transport of any form of the drug. There were 3,384 active medical marijuana patients registered with the state as of Jan. 9, according to the Georgia Department of Public Health.
Medical marijuana in Georgia is in the form of cannabis oil that provides patients relief from symptoms but doesn’t give users a high. The General Assembly approved limited medical marijuana use in 2015 for patients with conditions such as cancer, Parkinson’s disease and epilepsy.
“If we passed a law saying you can use it, it’s reasonable to be able to get it,” said Irma Jones, who lives in the Decatur area and participated in the AJC’s survey. “It only follows logic.”
Police organizations have opposed easing medical marijuana restrictions in Georgia, saying it could lead to public safety hazards and full legalization.
The AJC’s poll of 940 registered Georgia voters was conducted earlier this month by the University of Georgia’s School of Public and International Affairs. The poll has a margin of error for the total sample of 3.2 percentage points.
Nationwide, 30 states already allow medical marijuana cultivation and distribution. Eight states have legalized marijuana for recreational use.
While most Georgians are comfortable with medical marijuana, they remain divided over whether the government should allow adults to consume it without a physician’s approval.
“If people can get away from prescription medication and getting hooked on that, and have the same relief from marijuana or cannabis oil, that’s a better trade-off,” said Karen Wiseman, a testing coordinator from Atlanta. “I don’t think I would favor legalizing it. … People wouldn’t be responsible with marijuana at their fingertips.”
Vicky Green, who lives in the Acworth area and owns a commercial cleaning service, said the government should treat marijuana like alcohol.
“Marijuana is not near as bad as alcohol,” she said. “It should be legal. I’ve never heard of anyone dropping dead from smoking it.”
Legislation pending in the General Assembly, House Bill 645, would allow up to 10 businesses statewide to distribute medical marijuana oil to registered patients. Up to two businesses would be licensed to cultivate, harvest and produce medical marijuana oil.
State Rep. Allen Peake, R-Macon, said the AJC's poll results confirm his belief that Georgians need a legal way to provide medical marijuana to patients who are already allowed to use it.
“Citizens want us to act, so why not structure something that’s regulated, restricted and provides a safe product for our citizens?” said Peake, the sponsor of HB 645. “Georgians want us to find a solution.”
Georgia should catch up with how other states treat medical marijuana, said Stan Wheeler, a 49-year-old College Park resident. He said in-state cultivation of marijuana is the inevitable next step.
“If Georgia is going to allow for the use of medical marijuana in the state,” Wheeler said, “they should also have the ability to grow and potentially control the distribution in the state.”
Staff writer Maya T. Prabhu contributed to this article.
About the poll
This poll was conducted Jan. 3-5 and Jan. 7-10 and included a total of 940 registered voters residing in Georgia. The survey was administered by the School of Public and International Affairs Survey Research Center at the University of Georgia. Interviews were conducted in English. A statewide random sample consisting of approximately 65 percent cellphone numbers and 35 percent landline numbers was obtained through Revily, a sampling vendor that maintains a database constructed from state voter registration lists. Through commercial sources, phone numbers have been appended to the individual records (registrants) that make up these lists. The survey results were weighted to ensure the sample was representative of the population of Georgia registrants in terms of race, sex and age. The margin of error for the total sample is plus or minus 3.2 percentage points.