Pele, though, is part of a complicated conversation in Brazil concerning race, sports and identity that frequently occurs in America. Pele, an Afro-Brazilian, a racial minority in his homeland, has openly discussed racism he faced in his career, but some Afro-Brazilians and others believe “O Rei” has been self-muted when it comes to calling out racial discrimination.
“He shows no solidarity with the cause, black people, or even social issues in general,” Paulo Rogerio, executive director of Brazil’s Instituto Mídia Étnica, said in a July 2014 article on NewsOne.com, a website devoted to African-American affairs and culture. “He has a history of never having publicly spoken in favor of the black struggle.”
Pele’s approach to race-related controversies has generally been not to be overly critical, fearing additional publicity only encourages more racism.
“If I’d started fighting every time they used the n-word in the United States, Latin America and Brazil, I’d still be embroiled in legal cases the world over,” Pele said in one interview.
President Bill Clinton takes a turn with the ball as he joins Brazilian soccer legend Pele at the Mangueira School during a visit to Rio de Janeiro on Oct. 15, 1997. Through athletics and academics, the Mangueira project seeks to lift children out of the despair of slum life by teaching them how to build strong bodies and minds. J. SCOTT APPLEWHITE / ASSOCIATED PRESS 1997
African-American sports superstars such as Michael Jordan and Tiger Woods have faced similar criticism for not being frequently vocal on race relations. Noted sports journalist Howard Bryant chronicled the issue in a book published last year titled “The Heritage: Black Athletes, a Divided America, and the Politics of Patriotism.”
Many African-American activists and fellow North Carolinians felt Jordan was more concerned about losing lucrative endorsement deals than with speaking against a white U.S. senator in his home state many considered racist who eventually won a closely contested campaign against a black candidate. Woods, who is biracial, was derided and the subject of many jokes years ago for his self-description as “Cablinasian” — a mix of Caucasian, black, American Indian and Asian.
Soccer great Pele visits Atlanta for an exhibition match in 1968. AJC FILE PHOTO
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Despite those complaints, Jordan and Woods, and Pele, are admired for their mastery of their sport.
Pele won three World Cup championships in 1958, 1962 and 1970. He was 17 when he scored a “hat trick,” three goals, in a 1958 World Cup match, the youngest person to achieve such a feat. In 1967, there was a 48-hour cease-fire in Nigeria’s civil war to watch Pele play there.
Pele accomplished something else remarkable. He popularized soccer in America. Pele and his Brazilian team, Santos FC, visited Atlanta in 1968 to play an exhibition match against the Atlanta Chiefs, who won the North American Soccer League championship that year. Several years later, Pele joined the league to play with the New York Cosmos, drawing sellout crowds and winning a championship.
In 2014, Pele and Santos FC agreed to a lifetime contract for the team to use his image in its marketing, publicity and social media campaigns.
Not bad for someone initially rejected by some Brazilian teams.
BLACK HISTORY MONTH
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