Cases are on the increase, but health officials say it's impossible to determine whether the rise is linked to additional testing or an actual increase in disease. Yet state statistics also show hospitalizations are up since early April, which has some health officials worried.
The situation in Alabama has become worse over the past 14 days, according to an AP analysis of testing data from The COVID Tracking Project. New daily cases have risen to 307 from 268, and the rate of daily tests coming back positive has increased from 6.7% to 7.5%. The AP used seven-day rolling averages to account for daily variability in the testing data. Data includes counts through Thursday.
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In Jefferson County, the state's most populous area with nearly 660,000 residents, officials cited increasing cases and hospitalizations Friday in announcing more stringent rules than those enacted by Ivey.
The Republican governor, like President Donald Trump, hasn't modeled recommended behavior by regularly appearing publicly in a mask. But she has urged residents to do what's necessary to stem the spread of the disease while saying a vaccine could someday be created "right here in sweet home Alabama."
"It takes all of us, y'all, being vigilant, and adhering to these social distancing guidelines in order to stop the spread of this disease," she said.
So far, it's unclear whether Ivey's calls for "personal responsibility" have had much of an effect as businesses and other gatherings places reopen with restrictions on capacity and sanitation.
The parking lots outside some Birmingham-area restaurants and breweries are filling up again, and the state's beaches have been packed since reopening April 30. About two dozen adults and children filled a reopened suburban playground Friday; no one wore a mask, and no one was cleaning the slides and swings between uses.
Some people are trying to stay 6 feet (2 meters) apart, as required under state orders, but others aren't. In many public places, it's rare to see a covered face.
"As I've gone out to some of these retail stores, I've noticed that people are not wearing masks," Dr. Rachael Lee, an infectious diseases expert with the University of Alabama at Birmingham, told an online news conference.
Seniors from Spain Park High School stand on a baseball field at a socially distanced graduation ceremony in Hoover, Ala., Wednesday, May 20, 2020. Health officials say usual graduation ceremonies could endanger the public health by promoting the spread of disease. But school officials say they're using social distancing guidelines and abiding by state health rules. (AP Photo/Jay Reeves)
Credit: Jay Reeves
Credit: Jay Reeves
Omar Mohammad, a 17-year-old who skipped his own graduation from Spain Park High School in Hoover because of the pandemic, said people seem to have dropped their guard after state orders that loosened restrictions.
"I've seen people being like, 'I can go get my nails done, so it can't be too bad,'" he said.
Leaders in Republican-controlled, deeply conservative Alabama, like many states, are stuck between trying to revive a lagging economy and prevent the spread of disease.
As of Friday, more than 13,400 people had tested positive for the coronavirus in Alabama, and 533 had died. Most people recover from COVID-19, but patients with other health problems and the elderly are particularly susceptible.
Meanwhile, state unemployment has reached levels not seen in decades. Alabama's jobless rate jumped to 12.9% in April during the economic shutdown linked to the coronavirus pandemic, the worst in nearly 38 years, the state said.
The state's overall health trend worries disease experts including Lee. Jefferson County had its highest case count yet this week, she said, and the capital of Montgomery, where about 200,000 people live, is looking like a disease hot spot.
"I'm actually concerned about the numbers," she said. "As we have been watching over the past couple of weeks, those numbers have either been at the same level or they're slowly going up."
AP writer Nicky Forster contributed from Berkley, Massachusetts.