A. Philip Randolph (1889-1979), director of the March on Washington, gave the opening remarks and led the Pledge of Allegiance on the Mall on Aug. 28, 1963. He organized the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters, the first predominantly black labor union. In 1964, President Lyndon B. Johnson presented Randolph with the Presidential Medal of Freedom.
Dr. Eugene Carson Blake (1906-1985), shown in a 1964 photo, was listed on the program. He was Stated Clerk of the United Presbyterian Church of the USA; vice chairman of the Commission on Race Relations of the National Council of Churches of Christ in America. He was elected head of the World Council of Churches (WCC) Feb. 11, 1966, at a meeting in Geneva, Switzerland. He once said he was "the first white clergyman to be arrested in the civil rights movement."
Walter Reuther (1907-1970), president of the United Auto Workers, was listed on the program from the March on Washington. He is in the far right of this photo during a visit to the Capitol in Washington on Aug. 28, 1963. From left: Whitney Young, National Urban League; Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., Southern Christian Leadership Conference; Roy Wilkins, rear, NAACP; and Walter Reuther.
Bill Alllen / AP file
Whitney M. Young Jr., (1921-1971), center, executive director of the National Urban League, was listed on the program for the March on Washington. He is shown with President Kennedy, left, and Henry Steeger, right, president of the National Urban League, in the White House on Jan. 23, 1962. Young was president of the National Association of Social Workers from 1969-71. When he died of a heart attack in 1971, President Richard Nixon delivered his eulogy.
Rabbi Joachim Prinz, president of the American Jewish Congress, was listed on the program for the March on Washington. In this photo taken at the March, he stands behind the two seated people. Others shown are from left: Mathew Ahmann, executive director of the National Catholic Conference for Interracial Justice; (seated with glasses) Cleveland Robinson, chairman of the Demonstration Committee; (beside Robinson is) A. Philip Randolph, organizer of the demonstration and veteran labor leader who helped to found the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters, American Federation of Labor (AFL), and a former vice president of the American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO); (standing behind the two chairs) Rabbi Joachim Prinz; (wearing a bow tie and standing beside Prinz) is Joseph Rauh Jr., a Washington, D.C., attorney and civil rights, peace and union activist; John Lewis, chairman, Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee; and Floyd McKissick, national chairman of the Congress of Racial Equality.