For child care costs, Care.com contributed data from its child care center profiles in 2016 for two children in the same center to determine annual child care costs. In calculating annual rates, weekly rates were multiplied by 52 weeks, and monthly rates were multiplied by 12 months.
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To understand housing expenses, Zillow analysts surveyed Americans to determine if they live in urban or suburban communities and used the data to ultimately find the median home value of homes in each type of area. Analysts also applied property tax data to the median home values.
Here’s what the study found about living in the city of Atlanta (urban) vs. its surrounding suburbs:
Suburban vs. urban living cost difference: $12,557
Annual child care costs (child care center for two kids): $17,236
Total annual housing and child care expenses: $30,805
Annual property taxes and mortgage payment: $13,569
Median square feet: 1,988
Annual child care costs (child care center for two kids): $20,927
Total annual housing and child care expenses: $43,362
Annual property taxes and mortgage payment: $22,435
Median square feet: 1,611
Nationwide, Care.com and Zillow found that families living in cities spend approximately $9,073 more per year to cover child care and basic housing
In New York City, city-dwelling families can spend up to $71,237 extra each year—an average of nearly 6,000 extra per month—compared to those living in suburbs.
More about the study and its methodology.