Macron to reduce French military troops in Africa's Sahel

French Barkhane force soldiers who wrapped up a four-month tour of duty in the Sahel board a US Air Force C130 transport plane, leave their base in Gao, Mali Wednesday June 9, 2021. France has suspended joint military operations with Malian forces until the junta led by Col. Assimi Goita, who retook control of Mali's transitional government May 24, complies with international demands to restore civilian rule. (AP Photo/Jerome Delay)
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French Barkhane force soldiers who wrapped up a four-month tour of duty in the Sahel board a US Air Force C130 transport plane, leave their base in Gao, Mali Wednesday June 9, 2021. France has suspended joint military operations with Malian forces until the junta led by Col. Assimi Goita, who retook control of Mali's transitional government May 24, complies with international demands to restore civilian rule. (AP Photo/Jerome Delay)

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French President Emmanuel Macron has announced the future reduction of France’s military presence fighting Islamic extremism in Africa’s Sahel region

PARIS (AP) — French President Emmanuel Macron on Thursday announced the future reduction of France’s military presence fighting Islamic extremism in Africa’s Sahel region.

In a news conference, Macron spoke about the “profound transformation" of France’s military operation in Mali and neighboring countries — without giving a timeframe.

France's Operation Barkhane will formally end, he said, and will be replaced by another mission focused on fighting Islamic extremists that relies more on regional partners.

Details will be unveiled at the end of June, he said, including on the number of troops France is keeping in the region. France now has more than 5,000 troops in the Sahel.

“The final goal is to reduce our multiple military deployments” in the region, he said.

“I’m saying it again: France is in Africa only at the request of Africans ... to fight against terrorism,” Macron added. “But the shape of our presence, an operation abroad involving 5,000 troops, is not adapted any more to the reality of the combats.”

He said France will focus in the future on deploying special forces, in cooperation with other European countries, as part of the so-called Takuba task force that is meant to play an increasing role in the fight against extremists.

A French top official said it will take several months to implement the changes. Paris will first hold talks with its European and African partners, he said.

Several thousand French troops will remain in the region in total, participating in various operations including the new cooperation mission.

“In the end, the French presence in Sahel will remain significant,” the official said. He was speaking anonymously in accordance with the presidency’s customary practice.

French troops have been present in Mali since 2013 when they intervened to force Islamic extremist rebels from power in towns across the country's north. Operation Serval was later replaced by Barkhane and was expanded to include Chad, Niger, Burkina Faso and Mauritania in an effort to help stabilize the broader Sahel region.

Islamic militants, though, have continued to launch devastating attacks against the militaries fighting them as well as increasingly against civilians. About a week ago, extremists in Burkina Faso launched the deadliest attack in years, leaving at least 132 people dead.

Hundreds also have died since January in a series of massacres targeting villages on the border of Niger and Mali.

While governments in the Sahel have embraced France's military help, some critics have likened their presence to a vestige of French colonial rule.

Conflict analysts say the move could be linked to political instability in Mali. France's announcement comes days after Mali coup leader Col. Assimi Goita was sworn as president of a transitional government, solidifying his grip on power in the West African nation after carrying out his second coup in nine months.

Michael Shurkin, director of global programs at 14 North Strategies, a consultancy based in Dakar, Senegal, said: “(The) truth is that France’s strategy can only work if the Malians do their part, which means improving governance. But Goita’s serial coups suggest the Malians aren’t.”

Siaka Coulibaly, an analyst with the Center for Public Policy Monitoring by Citizens, in Burkina Faso, said the decision wasn’t a surprise, but worried about the consequences of the troop reduction.

“The reduction of Barkhane troops will not have an impact on Mali since Russian troops will arrive and replace them. Meanwhile the reduction will have an impact on Burkina Faso, because the terrorists will try to move towards Burkina Faso and they could probably spread to the south,” Coulibaly said.

A 31-year-old Nigerien staffer on Barkhane’s army base in Niger’s capital, Niamey, told the AP it’s “not fair” and “not normal” that the situation in Mali should impact the situation in Niger. The AP is not using his name to protect his identity.

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AP Writer Sam Mednick contributed to the story from Niamey, Niger.

French Barkhane force soldiers who wrapped up a four-month tour of duty in the Sahel board a US Air Force C130 transport plane, leave their base in Gao, Mali Wednesday June 9, 2021. France has suspended joint military operations with Malian forces until the junta led by Col. Assimi Goita, who retook control of Mali's transitional government May 24, complies with international demands to restore civilian rule. (AP Photo/Jerome Delay)
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French Barkhane force soldiers who wrapped up a four-month tour of duty in the Sahel board a US Air Force C130 transport plane, leave their base in Gao, Mali Wednesday June 9, 2021. France has suspended joint military operations with Malian forces until the junta led by Col. Assimi Goita, who retook control of Mali's transitional government May 24, complies with international demands to restore civilian rule. (AP Photo/Jerome Delay)

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French Barkhane force soldiers who wrapped up a four-month tour of duty in the Sahel board a US Air Force C130 transport plane, leave their base in Gao, Mali, Wednesday June 9, 2021. France has suspended joint military operations with Malian forces until the junta led by Col. Assimi Goita, who retook control of Mali's transitional government May 24, complies with international demands to restore civilian rule. (AP Photo/Jerome Delay)
Caption
French Barkhane force soldiers who wrapped up a four-month tour of duty in the Sahel board a US Air Force C130 transport plane, leave their base in Gao, Mali, Wednesday June 9, 2021. France has suspended joint military operations with Malian forces until the junta led by Col. Assimi Goita, who retook control of Mali's transitional government May 24, complies with international demands to restore civilian rule. (AP Photo/Jerome Delay)

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French Barkhane force soldiers who wrapped up a four-month tour of duty in the Sahel leave their base in Gao, Mali Wednesday June 9, 2021. France has suspended joint military operations with Malian forces until the junta led by Col. Assimi Goita, who retook control of Mali's transitional government May 24, complies with international demands to restore civilian rule. (AP Photo/Jerome Delay)
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French Barkhane force soldiers who wrapped up a four-month tour of duty in the Sahel leave their base in Gao, Mali Wednesday June 9, 2021. France has suspended joint military operations with Malian forces until the junta led by Col. Assimi Goita, who retook control of Mali's transitional government May 24, complies with international demands to restore civilian rule. (AP Photo/Jerome Delay)

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French Barkhane Air Force mechanics maintain a Mirage 2000 on the Niamey, Niger base June 5, 2021. French President Emmanuel Macron announced at a press conference Thursday June 10, 2021 That operation Barkhane would end and be replaced by support for local partners and counter terrorism. (AP Photo/Jerome Delay)
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French Barkhane Air Force mechanics maintain a Mirage 2000 on the Niamey, Niger base June 5, 2021. French President Emmanuel Macron announced at a press conference Thursday June 10, 2021 That operation Barkhane would end and be replaced by support for local partners and counter terrorism. (AP Photo/Jerome Delay)

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A French Barkhane Malinois looks for explosives at the entrance of the Niamey, Niger base Sunday June 6, 2021. French President Emmanuel Macron announced at a press conference Thursday June 10, 2021 That operation Barkhane would end and be replaced by support for local partners and counter terrorism. (AP Photo/Jerome Delay)
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A French Barkhane Malinois looks for explosives at the entrance of the Niamey, Niger base Sunday June 6, 2021. French President Emmanuel Macron announced at a press conference Thursday June 10, 2021 That operation Barkhane would end and be replaced by support for local partners and counter terrorism. (AP Photo/Jerome Delay)

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French Barkhane soldiers arriving from Gao, Mali, disembark from a US Air Force C130 cargo plane at Niamey, Niger base Wednesday June 9, 2021, before transferring back to their Bases in France. French President Emmanuel Macron announced at a press conference Thursday June 10, 2021 That operation Barkhane would end and be replaced by support for local partners and counter terrorism. (AP Photo/Jerome Delay)
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French Barkhane soldiers arriving from Gao, Mali, disembark from a US Air Force C130 cargo plane at Niamey, Niger base Wednesday June 9, 2021, before transferring back to their Bases in France. French President Emmanuel Macron announced at a press conference Thursday June 10, 2021 That operation Barkhane would end and be replaced by support for local partners and counter terrorism. (AP Photo/Jerome Delay)

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An Estonian Barkhane force soldier mans the entrance of the base in Gao, Mali Sunday June 6, 2021. French President Emmanuel Macron announced at a press conference Thursday June 10, 2021 That operation Barkhane would end and be replaced by support for local partners and counter terrorism. (AP Photo/Jerome Delay)
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An Estonian Barkhane force soldier mans the entrance of the base in Gao, Mali Sunday June 6, 2021. French President Emmanuel Macron announced at a press conference Thursday June 10, 2021 That operation Barkhane would end and be replaced by support for local partners and counter terrorism. (AP Photo/Jerome Delay)

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Estonian Barkhane force soldiers man the entrance of the base in Gao, Mali Sunday June 6, 2021. French President Emmanuel Macron announced at a press conference Thursday June 10, 2021 That operation Barkhane would end and be replaced by support for local partners and counter terrorism. (AP Photo/Jerome Delay)
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Estonian Barkhane force soldiers man the entrance of the base in Gao, Mali Sunday June 6, 2021. French President Emmanuel Macron announced at a press conference Thursday June 10, 2021 That operation Barkhane would end and be replaced by support for local partners and counter terrorism. (AP Photo/Jerome Delay)

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French Barkhane force soldiers who wrapped up a four-month tour of duty in the Sahel leave their base in Gao, Mali Wednesday June 9, 2021. After France suspended joint military operations with Malian forces after the junta led by Col. Assimi Goita retook control of Mali's transitional government May 24 2021, French President Emmanuel Macron announced at a press conference Thursday June 10, 2021 That operation Barkhane would end and be replaced by support for local partners and counter terrorism. (AP Photo/Jerome Delay)
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French Barkhane force soldiers who wrapped up a four-month tour of duty in the Sahel leave their base in Gao, Mali Wednesday June 9, 2021. After France suspended joint military operations with Malian forces after the junta led by Col. Assimi Goita retook control of Mali's transitional government May 24 2021, French President Emmanuel Macron announced at a press conference Thursday June 10, 2021 That operation Barkhane would end and be replaced by support for local partners and counter terrorism. (AP Photo/Jerome Delay)

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A French Barkhane force soldiers steps out for a phone call at his base in Gao, Mali Tuesday June 8, 2021. After France suspended joint military operations with Malian forces after the junta led by Col. Assimi Goita retook control of Mali's transitional government May 24 2021, French President Emmanuel Macron announced at a press conference Thursday June 10, 2021 That operation Barkhane would end and be replaced by support for local partners and counter terrorism. (AP Photo/Jerome Delay)
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A French Barkhane force soldiers steps out for a phone call at his base in Gao, Mali Tuesday June 8, 2021. After France suspended joint military operations with Malian forces after the junta led by Col. Assimi Goita retook control of Mali's transitional government May 24 2021, French President Emmanuel Macron announced at a press conference Thursday June 10, 2021 That operation Barkhane would end and be replaced by support for local partners and counter terrorism. (AP Photo/Jerome Delay)

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French Barkhane force soldiers who wrapped up a four-month tour of duty in the Sahel leave their base in Gao, Mali Wednesday June 9, 2021.  After France suspended joint military operations with Malian forces after the junta led by Col. Assimi Goita retook control of Mali's transitional government May 24 2021, French President Emmanuel Macron announced at a press conference Thursday June 10, 2021 That operation Barkhane would end and be replaced by support for local partners and counter terrorism. (AP Photo/Jerome Delay)
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French Barkhane force soldiers who wrapped up a four-month tour of duty in the Sahel leave their base in Gao, Mali Wednesday June 9, 2021. After France suspended joint military operations with Malian forces after the junta led by Col. Assimi Goita retook control of Mali's transitional government May 24 2021, French President Emmanuel Macron announced at a press conference Thursday June 10, 2021 That operation Barkhane would end and be replaced by support for local partners and counter terrorism. (AP Photo/Jerome Delay)

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French Barkhane force soldiers work out at their base in Gao, Mali Tuesday June 8, 2021. After France suspended joint military operations with Malian forces after the junta led by Col. Assimi Goita retook control of Mali's transitional government May 24 2021, French President Emmanuel Macron announced at a press conference Thursday June 10, 2021 That operation Barkhane would end and be replaced by support for local partners and counter terrorism. (AP Photo/Jerome Delay)
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French Barkhane force soldiers work out at their base in Gao, Mali Tuesday June 8, 2021. After France suspended joint military operations with Malian forces after the junta led by Col. Assimi Goita retook control of Mali's transitional government May 24 2021, French President Emmanuel Macron announced at a press conference Thursday June 10, 2021 That operation Barkhane would end and be replaced by support for local partners and counter terrorism. (AP Photo/Jerome Delay)

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French Barkhane force soldiers work out at their base in Gao, Mali Tuesday June 8, 2021.  After France suspended joint military operations with Malian forces after the junta led by Col. Assimi Goita retook control of Mali's transitional government May 24 2021, French President Emmanuel Macron announced at a press conference Thursday June 10, 2021 That operation Barkhane would end and be replaced by support for local partners and counter terrorism. (AP Photo/Jerome Delay)
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French Barkhane force soldiers work out at their base in Gao, Mali Tuesday June 8, 2021. After France suspended joint military operations with Malian forces after the junta led by Col. Assimi Goita retook control of Mali's transitional government May 24 2021, French President Emmanuel Macron announced at a press conference Thursday June 10, 2021 That operation Barkhane would end and be replaced by support for local partners and counter terrorism. (AP Photo/Jerome Delay)

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French Barkhane force mechanics maintain a Gazelle combat helicopter tag their base in Gao, Mali Tuesday June 8, 2021. After France suspended joint military operations with Malian forces after the junta led by Col. Assimi Goita retook control of Mali's transitional government May 24 2021, French President Emmanuel Macron announced at a press conference Thursday June 10, 2021 That operation Barkhane would end and be replaced by support for local partners and counter terrorism. (AP Photo/Jerome Delay)
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French Barkhane force mechanics maintain a Gazelle combat helicopter tag their base in Gao, Mali Tuesday June 8, 2021. After France suspended joint military operations with Malian forces after the junta led by Col. Assimi Goita retook control of Mali's transitional government May 24 2021, French President Emmanuel Macron announced at a press conference Thursday June 10, 2021 That operation Barkhane would end and be replaced by support for local partners and counter terrorism. (AP Photo/Jerome Delay)

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French Barkhane force soldiers load cargo in a Caiman transport helicopter after it landed somewhere in Mali during a night mission from its base in Gao, Mali Monday June 7, 2021. After France suspended joint military operations with Malian forces after the junta led by Col. Assimi Goita retook control of Mali's transitional government May 24 2021, French President Emmanuel Macron announced at a press conference Thursday June 10, 2021 That operation Barkhane would end and be replaced by support for local partners and counter terrorism. (AP Photo/Jerome Delay)
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French Barkhane force soldiers load cargo in a Caiman transport helicopter after it landed somewhere in Mali during a night mission from its base in Gao, Mali Monday June 7, 2021. After France suspended joint military operations with Malian forces after the junta led by Col. Assimi Goita retook control of Mali's transitional government May 24 2021, French President Emmanuel Macron announced at a press conference Thursday June 10, 2021 That operation Barkhane would end and be replaced by support for local partners and counter terrorism. (AP Photo/Jerome Delay)

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A French Barkhane force soldier inspects a Caiman transport helicopter before going on a night mission in Gao, Mali Monday June 7, 2021. After France suspended joint military operations with Malian forces after the junta led by Col. Assimi Goita retook control of Mali's transitional government May 24 2021, French President Emmanuel Macron announced at a press conference Thursday June 10, 2021 that operation Barkhane would end and be replaced by support for local partners and counter terrorism. (AP Photo/Jerome Delay)
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A French Barkhane force soldier inspects a Caiman transport helicopter before going on a night mission in Gao, Mali Monday June 7, 2021. After France suspended joint military operations with Malian forces after the junta led by Col. Assimi Goita retook control of Mali's transitional government May 24 2021, French President Emmanuel Macron announced at a press conference Thursday June 10, 2021 that operation Barkhane would end and be replaced by support for local partners and counter terrorism. (AP Photo/Jerome Delay)

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A French Barkhane force helicopter flies over Gao, Mali Monday June 7, 2021, during a night mission. After France suspended joint military operations with Malian forces after the junta led by Col. Assimi Goita retook control of Mali's transitional government May 24 2021, French President Emmanuel Macron announced at a press conference Thursday June 10, 2021 that operation Barkhane would end and be replaced by support for local partners and counter terrorism. (AP Photo/Jerome Delay)
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A French Barkhane force helicopter flies over Gao, Mali Monday June 7, 2021, during a night mission. After France suspended joint military operations with Malian forces after the junta led by Col. Assimi Goita retook control of Mali's transitional government May 24 2021, French President Emmanuel Macron announced at a press conference Thursday June 10, 2021 that operation Barkhane would end and be replaced by support for local partners and counter terrorism. (AP Photo/Jerome Delay)

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French Barkhane force helicopter lands at its base in Gao, Mali, Monday June 7, 2021, following a night mission.  France suspended joint military operations with Malian forces after the junta led by Col. Assimi Goita retook control of Mali's transitional government May 24 2021, French President Emmanuel Macron announced at a press conference Thursday June 10, 2021 That operation Barkhane would end and be replaced by support for local partners and counter terrorism. (AP Photo/Jerome Delay)
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French Barkhane force helicopter lands at its base in Gao, Mali, Monday June 7, 2021, following a night mission. France suspended joint military operations with Malian forces after the junta led by Col. Assimi Goita retook control of Mali's transitional government May 24 2021, French President Emmanuel Macron announced at a press conference Thursday June 10, 2021 That operation Barkhane would end and be replaced by support for local partners and counter terrorism. (AP Photo/Jerome Delay)

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A British Royal Air Force transport helicopter hoovers over the tarmac of Barkhane Operation base in Gao, Mali Monday June 7, 2021. After France suspended joint military operations with Malian forces after the junta led by Col. Assimi Goita retook control of Mali's transitional government May 24 2021, French President Emmanuel Macron announced at a press conference Thursday June 10, 2021, that operation Barkhane would end and be replaced by support for local partners and counter terrorism. (AP Photo/Jerome Delay)
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A British Royal Air Force transport helicopter hoovers over the tarmac of Barkhane Operation base in Gao, Mali Monday June 7, 2021. After France suspended joint military operations with Malian forces after the junta led by Col. Assimi Goita retook control of Mali's transitional government May 24 2021, French President Emmanuel Macron announced at a press conference Thursday June 10, 2021, that operation Barkhane would end and be replaced by support for local partners and counter terrorism. (AP Photo/Jerome Delay)

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A French Barkhane force soldiers mans a machine gun on board a Caiman transport helicopter during a night mission in Gao, Mali, Monday June 7, 2021. France has suspended joint military operations with Malian forces until the junta led by Col. Assimi Goita, who retook control of Mali's transitional government May 24, complies with international demands to restore civilian rule. (AP Photo/Jerome Delay)
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A French Barkhane force soldiers mans a machine gun on board a Caiman transport helicopter during a night mission in Gao, Mali, Monday June 7, 2021. France has suspended joint military operations with Malian forces until the junta led by Col. Assimi Goita, who retook control of Mali's transitional government May 24, complies with international demands to restore civilian rule. (AP Photo/Jerome Delay)

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A French Barkhane force Caiman transport helicopter lands following a night mission in Gao, Mali, Monday June 7, 2021. France has suspended joint military operations with Malian forces until the junta led by Col. Assimi Goita, who retook control of Mali's transitional government May 24, complies with international demands to restore civilian rule. (AP Photo/Jerome Delay)
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A French Barkhane force Caiman transport helicopter lands following a night mission in Gao, Mali, Monday June 7, 2021. France has suspended joint military operations with Malian forces until the junta led by Col. Assimi Goita, who retook control of Mali's transitional government May 24, complies with international demands to restore civilian rule. (AP Photo/Jerome Delay)

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