Facts about Caribbean music The music of the Caribbean encompasses a wide variety of sounds. Here are a few facts about the massive genre. Percussion instruments include the congas, bongos and the two-headed bells, the tragogo, to name a few. Salsa music is influenced by African and Spanish sounds and traces its origins to Cuba. Calypso is featured heavily on the island of Trinidad and Tobago and has musical traditions tied to West Africa. Soca also has ties to Trinidad. Its rhythmic energy and synthesiz