May 19, 2017, Toccoa, Georgia - Cynthia Brown (right) a Toccoa resident and institutional advancement director at North Georgia Technical College, speaks with Gary Bellamy (left), the President of the Camp Toccoa at Currahee Project about the undertaking involved in putting back together the Douglas C-47 they acquired from a man in Alabama in Toccoa, Georgia, on May 19, 2017. (HENRY TAYLOR / HENRY.TAYLOR@AJC.COM)
Photo: Henry P. Taylor
Photo: Henry P. Taylor

Camp Toccoa reborn: Reviving one of Georgia’s greatest WWII legacies

TOCCOA — The decades-old warplane, the kind that dropped American paratroopers behind the beaches of Normandy, is not much to look at.

It lies in dirty disrepair in a grassy field in this tiny northeast Georgia town, wings in one place, dented fuselage in another. Every single window is busted. Rust is a recurring theme, and the dull silver metal is grimy.

But the plane, Patrick Hall says with a grin, will eventually be reborn, given new life as a beautiful, dramatic display of one group’s dedication to keeping the memory of Camp Toccoa alive.

About 90 miles northeast of Atlanta, it was the training ground for a new kind of soldier: paratroopers.

The camp on the side of Currahee Mountain and the men who trained there are perhaps Georgia’s greatest World War II legacies. They were an experiment, hardy volunteers destined to become a new kind of American soldier: the paratrooper.

Their daring exploits would help break Hitler’s back in Europe and gain them worldwide fame, both then and now — and it all began here, in Toccoa, where Hall and his small band of colleagues, a nonprofit known as the Camp Toccoa at Currahee Project, are gunning to give them the revival and reverence they deserve.

A plane is only part of the plan.

One original building on the site is being renovated, and a sizable pavilion will be completed soon. A group of barracks-style buildings should be completed by the fall. Bigger projects are still in the hope-and-wish phase.

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They want to give people a place to come, and a reason to stay a while. They want to make sure the world doesn’t forget the men who trained here, who were part of a seismic shift in American military strategy, who fought and — in many, many cases — died.

This place is tiny, but its part in history is huge.

“You can’t put people on this mountain and not have them affected by what happened here,” another leader of the project, Cynthia Brown, said on a recent morning here, Memorial Day less than two weeks away. “If you walk that mountain by yourself, you’re gonna hear the boots. You’re gonna hear the sounds. You’re gonna be so close.”

‘The Army’s toughest soldiers’

What became Camp Toccoa was born as a training ground for Georgia’s National Guard. The federal government and United States Army took over in 1942, with a war brewing and a special soldier in mind.

The men of the 501st, 506th, 511th and 517th Parachute Infantry regiments did not win World War II themselves, but they played a decisive and dramatic role.

They were dropped behind enemy lines to infiltrate and liberate Axis-occupied countries. They were the first Americans into France on D-Day, they fought through the Netherlands and they battled at the Bulge. Decades later their stories, and specifically those of the Easy Company of the 506th of the 101st Airborne Division, would be immortalized in a book and then an HBO miniseries, both called “Band of Brothers.”

But first, Toccoa.

WWII Easy Company of 506th Regiment, Parachute Infantry, training in Toccoa. (SPECIAL PHOTO)
Photo: The Atlanta Journal-Constitution

Throughout the war years, some 18,000 men were sent to the “little camp outside a little town far off the beaten path” to begin their training: “weeks [of] running up and down and ‘round Currahee Mountain, up and down the obstacles courses, working judo on one another with no punches barred or pulled,” according to a 1943 article in The Atlanta Constitution.

They’d get more training to leap from actual planes elsewhere, including Fort Benning. But Toccoa — and the mountain, ‘three miles up and three miles down,’ the cry went— are where the foundation was laid, where their reputation, even then, as “the Army’s toughest soldiers” was earned.

Only about one-third of the recruits who began training at Toccoa made the final cut.

“You guys are so rugged,” entertainer Bob Hope told a group of soldiers during an appearance at the camp, “you look like Wheaties with legs.”

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Everything it can be’

Only one original structure is left at the modern day Camp Toccoa, which consists of about six acres surrounded by chainlink fence.

The land was given to the Stephens County Historical Society, which also runs Toccoa’s Currahee Military Museum, a few years back. In 2012, the Camp Toccoa at Curahee Project was created.

The mission was jumpstarted by a $25,000 donation from the Tom Hanks and Rita Wilson Foundation (Hanks being the star of “Saving Private Ryan” and producer of HBO’s “Band of Brothers” miniseries), but it floundered while trying to find its footing — and figure out what, exactly, it wanted to do.

That’s no longer an issue.

May 19, 2017, Toccoa, Georgia - Plans for the remaining building at Camp Toccoa at Currahee sit on display in the room in it’s state of remodeling in Toccoa, Georgia, on May 19, 2017. (HENRY TAYLOR / HENRY.TAYLOR@AJC.COM)
Photo: The Atlanta Journal-Constitution

The last original building, the initial purpose of which is unclear, is being renovated as a “regimental headquarters.” It will eventually hold a gift shop, a history center and serve as a sort of starting point for visitors to the camp.

Next door, a pavilion fit to hold 400 or 500 people is nearly complete, roughly 95 percent of the construction materials donated, Hall says.

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To the west of that, a set of four barracks-style buildings will go up, their exteriors covered in original materials from the camp. The goal is for veterans or military groups — or Boy Scouts, or re-enactors, or anyone, really — to be able to stay the night and enjoy the history.

“We want to try to make that Toccoa experience everything it can be,” Gary Bellamy, the president of the project, says. “Because they’ll come back. And their relatives will come back and their friends will come back. And that’s what we want.”

‘What’s happened before’

John O. Lally is a Vietnam veteran and the chairman of the Board of Directors of the 506th Airborne Infantry Regiment Association. He visited Camp Toccoa last fall.

“The place has almost mystical signficance,” he says, “because of the legends around it.”

Many of the men who trained here died in battle, and few of the men who made it through the war are still alive — but, even without a formal revival, their legacy survives. In recent years alone, Toccoa and Currahee have had visitors from all 50 states and roughly 80 countries.

May 19, 2017, Toccoa, Georgia - Cynthia Brown (left) speaks with Flores Hopman after Hopman finished his hike up the mountain outside of Camp Toccoa at Currahee in Toccoa, Georgia, on May 19, 2017. A Holland native from Amsterdam, Hopman visits the camp twice a year, every year, and this will be his 17th time hiking the mountain. After his mother passed away as a result of the second world war, he felt the need to pay his respects to the men of Easy Company that helped free his family by doing the exercise they performed every day. (HENRY TAYLOR / HENRY.TAYLOR@AJC.COM)
Photo: The Atlanta Journal-Constitution

On a sunny Friday earlier this month, a crew of five paratroopers from the British Army is among those that stop by. They don navy blue shorts and sprint up the mountain and back.

“It’s the history,” Staff Sgt. Dave Nichols says. “It’s the whole history and the ambiance and what’s happened before.”

Less than an hour earlier, a man from the Netherlands makes the same trek. It’s the 17th time he’s run up and down Currahee, a sort of repayment for the role of Toccoa men in liberating Europe — and family members whose hometowns were occupied by German forces.

“For me it’s a very special place,” Flores Hopman says. “Teetering on emotional.”

‘The small things’

In the early days of the project, Brown says, the group had a “world-renowned architect” come and draw up plans for the Camp Toccoa site. “Disney Land,” Brown now calls the $3.4 million vision that was created — a beautiful, expensive project that just didn’t feel right.

What they’re doing now, piecing everything together bit by bit and donation by donation, does.

After the Dutchman departs, Brown, Bellamy and Hall gather just outside the gate to the camp, looking up at the recently installed archway. “Camp Toccoa at Currahee,” reads the iron sign. It was created, and essentially donated, by a local craftsman.

May 19, 2017, Toccoa, Georgia - Patrick Hall points to the sign and area of Camp Toccoa at Currahee in Toccoa, Georgia, on May 19, 2017. (HENRY TAYLOR / HENRY.TAYLOR@AJC.COM)
Photo: The Atlanta Journal-Constitution

For the first time, the trio tests the floodlight perched on top of a nearby pole. It works. They cheer.

“We celebrate the small things, y’all,” Brown says.

Later this year, Brown and her clan hope to meet again with Pacolet Milliken Enterprises, which donated their initial land and still owns hundreds of adjacent acres. The nonprofit has dreams of getting its hands on 14 more acres, land that does or could include a natural amphitheater, a more formal camping area, a parade field and a chapel.

It will never be Disney Land. But, then again, that was never the goal.

“What can John Q. Public do to honor these men, to celebrate their lives?” Brown says. “You can celebrate their lives with a genuine appreciation for what they’ve done. …It’s the love and respect for them. It’s their story that needs to be honored.”


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